Your email address will not be published. Grass is not free (on May 8, 1385, she pays Jehan dez Fourneaux 4 sous for grass for her chambers and hall; the entry says “a Jeh dez fourneaux pour hbe pour lez chambrez et la sale – IIII s”). When she reaches the stairs, or rather when her train does, that bundle is dropped on the top steps and partly dragged down them. There are The floor, they covered with rushes. Posted on May 3, 2016March 12, 201919 Comments. Fragrant, often medicinal herbs were sprinkled among the rushes partly to sweeten aging rushes and partly to discourage bugs and molds. Carpet Castle. River rushes are always specified; mere grass will not do. I’ve been reading The Game of Thrones, and it mentions rushes frequently. What’s the significance of ‘After Cilmeri’? Sweet flag is a tall, smooth, fragrant plant that grows well in wetlands and boggy areas. But otherwise no. It was looking that word up that brought me here. Aside from the coverings on tatami mats, rushes for floors can also be purchased as medieval or apple matting. The earthen floor would be covered with rushes. As CM Stone writes: “The thing that I find so baffling about the loose rushes myth authors keep repeating is the fact that medieval/apple matting is not some obscure secret. It’s safe to say that George R. R. Martin didn’t create an entire ‘world’ without references. I’m a new author … how do I get published? Required fields are marked *. It makes me appreciate my floors! No infestations or bottom muck even despite a roosting hen! Rushes provided good insulation and could help to keep the floor clean. Cooking methods had also improved. Thanks for sharing. Even before hems were exaggerated, the gowns were floor-length and often trained, as were robes and mantles. Look it up now! The "straw on the floor" trope is because a film set It currently covers the floors in Elizabethan Hardwick Hall and many other National Trust properties in the UK. By the time of the English Tudors, floor coverings in castles were mostly purchased rush mats. In this, at least, within ‘Winterfell’, the rushes are strewn. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. In the late 18th century stair rods emerged for practical purposes featured wooden stair cases covered by carpet runners. I’ve never bought it. It is not, and never has been, a noun used to designate floor rushes. The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed up 53.92 points at 7,223.98 for the fourth... Get premium, high resolution news I think that this is also the most likely way that rushes were used in medieval Europe, although rush mats are, of course, also evidenced. The chamber was richly furnished. She thinks matting gradually came in as chimneys were introduced and there were more draughts at floor level. Carpets were used as well, but these more expensive floor coverings were often layered over rush mats for special occasions and removed for everyday use. General Hospital Spoilers: Sam McCall at Her Limit Currently, on GH, Sam McCall is struggling to handle life as a “mob wife.” Clearly, the danger never bothered Sam before. Rushes for floor covering came in two sorts. Obviously this cannot be the proper interpretation of how rushes were used on the floors of castles. It seem like they wouldn’t cause a huge mess, not stay where they were put, etc. This is because the rushes are thick, long, and strong: short, fragile grass cannot be made into mats. I beg leave to doubt that armfuls of loose green stems were cast down ankle-deep, like straw in a stable. I’m sure most of us think of a manger full of hay type situation all over the house, but doubtful this was the case. Woven mats make more sense to me. Not only did women wear trailing gowns, but men wore long robes. Perhaps more insights can be gained by looking into cultures beyond the West that have preserved and use ancient practices such as these can shed light into mysterious medieval practices. This practice served to disguise dirt and debris while insulating rooms from the cold. Works best if reeds are laid in bundles and up to six inches deep. A clear swath is cleaned behind her, and the rushes pile up in a roll under her back hem. She details her experience of experimental archaeology in laying rush flooring of various depths in old houses and then using it for up to six months. • The rushes on the floor were clean and sprinkled with herbs. More than 90% of Japan's rushes are cultivated in Kumamoto Prefecture, which also produces most tatami items. Both OE words appear to relate to the movement of one's feet; thresh (OE threscan) meaning to stamp or trample 3 and threshold (OE therscwold) being a place to step. They picture Alexander the Great and the Twelve Apostles in Medieval dress without a qualm, though it is a 1300-year anachronism. It was a status symbol, yet even in their homes, loose rushes would have been found in cooking areas and in privies, places populated by servant women, who wore shorter skirts, and it’s very likely that even noble women hitched their skirts up when need be to supervise servants. rush: a tall plant that looks like grass and grows in water. [end of note] and remarkable for having the Communion-table in the centre of the building. Rushes Log 1. But logically I can’t see anyone braiding mats in their non-existing spare time to throw on the floor when a few pieces of grass would do. The rushes were probably coiled by the handful and stitched with the longer rushes, like modern raffia or straw mats, or woven with string, or plaited.”. --------------------------------- Follow Us On Social! One can only imagine in all the rushes and straw on the floor the fleas, rodents and bugs in it. Kitchen floors no longer needed spill-absorbing rushes on them because flooring had changed. The word "threshold," like "thresh," is Old English (OE) in origin and dates to before the twelfth century. When was Rushes - album - created? The better one, to my thinking, is that any fibrous vegetable material–rushes, straw, etc–will attract insects and rodents. You get up from the floor and take a quick shower, putting on fresh pajamas and a robe just in time to open the door when Stella rings the doorbell. However the nobility both Anglo-Irish and Gaelic wore similar clothes and the ladies dresses would as you have stated been encumbered by strewn rushes therefore among the upper classes at most the top 10% or so in society rush mats would probably have been woven and used as flooring. It makes some sense to use them in a kitchen to protect the wood floors but also they would have been a fire hazard. Some of the links show them, and I fixed the featured image. Skirts and Rushes: a Medieval Mystery middleages middle For poor people who spent every waking moment struggling to merely insure more about rushes being used The floor of Lord Norths great Green rushes under your feet Spreading rushes in jstor 6 Jan 2017 was placed on the floor of the kitchen in houses of the poor in snowy The St. Brigids cross used to be made from rushes in this parish. Loose rushes can be seen on some medieval illustrations. I can’t speak to Martin’s decision to have rushes strewn on the floor. My considered opinion is that in 90% of households in Gaelic Ireland rushes would have been strewn on the floor as both men and women wore far shorter garments than was the case in England. Most floors were not covered in rushes (much nicer than straw) but kept bare. Once they were harvested, there wouldn’t be any more available for some time, so strewing them about the floor and then sweeping them up seems completely uneconomical and pointless. For Online Shop. Rushes on the Floor - Sarah Woodbury Everywhere in medieval life, you read about ‘rushes’ on the floor. 2. I too would love to see citations to help back those statements up…, Very interesting read. Some one broke into hysterical laughter, a woman sobbed, and then Norman of Torn, wiping his blade upon the rushes of the floor as he had done upon another occasion in that same hall, spoke quietly to the master of Leybourn. In medieval times, bundles of these plants were gathered up and spread across some castle floors and the dirt floors of many medieval churches and cathedrals. But the mats most certainly came later. One of the reasons for using them on earth flooring was to absorb water so that the earth floor did not turn to mud, or if the floor was damp and therefore muddy, to prevent the inhabitants of the house from making it worse. Peasant women, who did manual labor, wore their skirts shorter than did their wealthy counterparts, and would have had no problem with loose rushes catching their skirts. I always wondered why people weren’t tripping on them. A trader rushes by on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange just before the closing bell on March 13, 2009. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? The top treads would be buried in rushes in one passage. I keep thinking about this, and with all of the other things folk had to do daily, braiding rush mats for the floor seems a bit more work than necessary. I’ve been reading the wonderful trilogy about the life and times of Nicholas Cooke, actor, physician and priest, by Stephanie Cowell. In the move to my new web page, the image dropped off, but there are lots of examples of English rush matting tradition, and the assessment of late is moving more towards rush mats as opposed to loose rushes. The floors are without pavement, and as straw is scarce, quantities of dried rushes are thick over the floor, for the sake of warmth and cleanliness. I appreciate all the information here. Translate Rushes. Strewing herbs are certain kinds of plants that are scattered (strewn) over the floors of dwelling places and other buildings. Milady arrives, approves the work, then crosses the chamber to go downstairs. It makes for an attractive, pleasantly scented floor covering. The rush mats, however, did not come later, as it turns out. When original sources wrote that the rushes should be changed every season, certainly once a year in the spring after planting, they were not recording their behaviors for a foreign (in time) culture: they were advising their peers on good household management as opposed to slovenliness. Myrish carpets covered the floor instead of rushes, and in one corner a hundred fabulous beasts cavorted in bright paints on a carved screen from the Summer Isles. Can’t tell you all the details but it’s well worth reading. This page has this to say, and started off my inquiry: “I was completely fascinated to find this page of notes about real life for the upper classes in the Middle Ages, and it addresses one of the things I’ve always wondered about. Rush mats were used thousands of years ago all through the ancient world. 4. These reed-like plants were inexpensive and plentiful and, when mixed with fresh herbs, were a good way to cover dirt while sweetening the air. This makes a lot of sense. The world rushes on over the strings of the lingering heart making the music of sadness. It was also replenished every day between May and September (the growing season), suggesting it was not woven but strewn. I believe now, both were used. The woven mat theory is intriguing. Rushes on the Floor One reads that "rushes were strewn upon the floor." They were free, easy to cut, renewable, and easy to strew and replace. They are used in place of carpets though some richer places do have access to carpets. This is because the rushes are thick, long, and strong: short, fragile grass cannot be made into mats. The Tudors are known to have had woven mats on their floors: https://www.gardenista.com/posts/rush-floor-matting-aka-medieval-or-apple/, Could “rushes” just have been shorthand for “rush mats” in some cases where we have recorded references to this practice?”  http://ask.metafilter.com/133591/Skirts-and-Rushes-a-Medieval-Mystery. I see no reason to believe that loose rushes (or straw) were not strewn on floors in the Medieval period. She sets People weren’t roasting stags over an open fire in the center of the room. You can see pictures of them here. These reed-like plants were inexpensive and plentiful and, when mixed with fresh herbs, were a good way to cover dirt while sweetening the air. The chief problem is actually that Medieval people had no sense of sociological change. In my previous (fact-based) historical novel When Winter Comes, my heroine lives in an earth-floored cabin which turns to thick mud in rain and snowmelt; and in my latest novel, the account books of the Earls of Rutland in the period of James 1 show that village women and children are paid for collecting rushes for use in the castle. http://historicalnovelists.tripod. HAYDON MEDIA Rushes Log Production: Maps – Maroon 5 (Music Video) Producer: Zoe Ramsdale-Clark Filename Duration Description Comment MVI_9529.MOV 00:07:18 Actor takes chocolate box out of the cupboard, opens lid and lyrics inside box Opening shot MVI_9530.MOV 00:03:19 Phone lifted off counter to reveal lyric card positioned underneath Relates to the lyrics – shot … Picture what happens if loose rushes were indeed used. I would like to suggest that an important step was left out of their remarks about gathering fresh rushes for floor-covering. (Of course it helps when you have servants to do it for you) River rushes are always specified; mere grass will not do. In highland Ethiopia, which retains some extremely ancient social and religious practices (the civilisation of the Ethiopian highlands relates to the Christian civilisation of the eastern Mediterranean), reeds (or fresh grass if reeds are not available)are routinely scattered on the floor, especially at times of celebration and festivals, with sedge being the preferred plant. She hops down to the rushes means she hops down to the floor, which is covered with rushes. The step omitted is that the rushes, once gathered, were made into mats. The servants bring in loads of green rushes in the spring, and spread them out on the castle floor. Water Everywhere in medieval life, you read about ‘rushes’ on the floor. real life for the upper classes in the Middle Ages, https://www.gardenista.com/posts/rush-floor-matting-aka-medieval-or-apple/, http://ask.metafilter.com/133591/Skirts-and-Rushes-a-Medieval-Mystery, http://historicalnovelists.tripod.com/medlife.htm, https://ceeemstone.com/2016/05/20/historical-inaccuracy-rushes-strewn-on-the-floor/. Then the rush mats, still called rushes, were put on the floor, and herbs sprinkled over them. If Scott was late, I’m a ‘century’ late. 110+1 sentence examples: 1. Wealthy women wore longer skirts “because they could”. Grow 12 Adrenaline-Rush Activities You Can Do Today That Beat Jumping Out Of A Plane However thrilling, skydiving, bungee jumping, and such are passive. Yes, quite possibly in a house with earth floors – ie a peasant’s house – they might have chucked a few handfuls of river rushes about but highly unlikely in any dwelling with proper flooring. Good words without deeds are rushes and reeds. These scrolls (in series B, Archive Departementale de la Cote D’or) also record expenditures for straw mats, which were made and installed by trained professionals. Thanks everyone gor your take on the subject. Fresh rushes spread on the floor of a house in honour of an esteemed guest who is a stranger; hence formerly as an exclamation of surprise or welcome on seeing a person who has been absent a long while; also in extended use. Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed "rushes," were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor covering. Certainly both are being used. And rushes are sturdier, so they probably didn’t get in the way as much as we think. In japan, where history is preserved quite well, many homes even to today have Tatami’s which are exactly as described here and it’s origins from Japan’s Medieval Period. An intriguing piece Sarah I had never thought about it in this depth before. Lightly spraying with water every now and then keeps them fresh and sweet smelling. Wouldn’t it catch in the dress? People not only would get grass caught in their clothes, they’d slip and fall on it too. I, too, have had an issue with the notion of women in long gowns, walking around on loose rushes, whether or not they were sprinkled with herbs. As an earlier section established, ladies in their homes did no such thing. It was in Sangsar, 25 miles outside the southern city of Kandahar, that the Taliban movement was founded in 1994 by a one-eyed local cleric. Wow it’ sounds like you were there in person. I dropped to the floor with him in my arms, humming a lullaby to keep us both calm, the cheerful tune a stark contrast to my sense that something was not right.” She continued: “I knew, as I clutched my firstborn child, that I was losing my second.” 4 Subscribe to my newsletter to receive updates and new release alerts. It is literally an altar-piece formed of stone, like a sacrificiary of the ancients. I know I am a bit late to this party, but I am currently sitting in front of a scroll in the Departmental Archives in Dijon which lists daily expenditures for the court of Margaret of Flanders. It’s not scattered in a thick pile, but loosely over the floor to give a fresh appearance. When I throw down straw in my muddy backyard, it does sink and compact, and I don’t have trouble with it catching on my shoe or pant leg. Related Searches. One reads about the child and dogs running around and servants sleeping on the floors. Download this stock image: Fragrant rushes layered on the floor of Pistyll Church, Llyn Peninsula, north Wales - C3H9WY from Alamy's library of millions of high … David Gaughran's Blog (Let's Get Digital/Visible). Cooke decries the use of floor rushes for sanitary reasons, chiefly because they breed fleas which were supposedly responsible for plague epidemics. You’re correct of course that medieval histories and novels all mention rushes on the floor. Wooden floors were still a norm of course, but brick, flagstone, or tile were being used. Now if I don’t spread it around thin, and it’s deep, yes, it kicks around. Fascinating enquiry on a topic that has long puzzled me too. Rushes definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Certainly, the Romans brought them to England when the conquered the country in 43 AD, and they were used continuously up until the present. I think so too, and upon further research, this rush mat notion might be more accurate: “One reads that “rushes were strewn upon the floor.” I beg leave to doubt that armfuls of loose green stems were cast down ankle-deep, like straw in a stable. So I believe that the Gaelic tower houses would have had woven rush mats whilst the poor in their huts and hovels would have strewn rushes as they neither had dress trains nor the time to be weaving floor mats when they were just trying to survive. Rushbearing is an old English ecclesiastical festival in which rushes are collected and carried to be strewn on the floor of the parish church. Makes sense to me. By the 1500’s, loose rushes on floors in all but the poorest of homes had given way to woven rush mats, found on floors in even the finest homes. Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed "rushes," were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor covering. Rushes - album - was created on 1998-09-21. See 38 authoritative translations of Rushes in Spanish with example sentences and audio pronunciations. If it were me, and I had a dirt floor that would turn to mud every time it would rain I would probably think of putting something more substantial down too. 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