You also can prune or pinch them back in mid-spring for a shorter, sturdier plant. Have these growing wild in my perennial garden - Summer 2012. The color ranges from bright green to dark green. Heliopsis helianthoides is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, known by the common names rough oxeye, smooth oxeye and false sunflower. As perennials, they tend to begin blooming in their second year, so a spring seedling might not flower the year it's planted. It has a bushy, well-branched form and glossy, deep green, triangular leaves – a real workhorse in the garden! But aphids can be a problem for the plants, as can powdery mildew. Flowers are 1½ to 3½ inches across, with 10 to 18 pale yellow to orange-yellow petals (ray flowers) and a golden yellow to brownish cone-shaped center disk. Bright yellow blossoms appear in late spring and last until autumn frost takes them away. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. False sunflower Sunstruck (Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Sunstruck’) is notable for the large flowers and variegated foliage. Leaf blades firm, harshly scabrous adaxially and somewhat scabrous abaxially, 2–5 cm wide; stem often scabrous, not glaucous … 1b. Eventually we'll have them prepared for all species profiles on this web site. The margins are serrated or saw-toothed. And that's what these plants are. Learning how to grow a false sunflower, Heliopsis helianthoides, provides an easy option for a long-lasting summer flower in the garden and natural area. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. So go easy on the organic matter and fertilizer. 1 to 15 stalked flowers in a loose cluster at the top of the plant. Thanks for your understanding. Tolerates poor soil conditions. scabra Golden Plume) with 16 data details. Heliopsis helianthoides var. With aphids, you might notice crumpled or otherwise damaged foliage. So this red aphid species is likely specific to Heliopsis and maybe a few other plants (that you don't have) and does not feed on just any plant that it comes across. Plants form a tall, bushy clump of dark green leaves, bearing branching heads of large, semi-double, golden-yellow daisy flowers with a brown centre, from early summer to early fall. Of the plants that sprouted, these eventually dominated. across (5-7 cm) from early summer to fall. Heliopsis helianthoides ([Smooth] Oxeye) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic Sometimes referred to as False Sunflower, this hardy native* of open woodlands, prairies, and fields is notable for its eight-week period of peak bloom. Heliopsis helianthoides common name false sunflower soil type mesic flowering time summer-autumn traditional and folk remedies - used in medicinal drinks - treatment for lung troubles - leaves used in a strong tea to reduce fevers - teas with addition of honey used to loosen phlegm - … Plants in the genus Heliopsis are both similar in appearance to and closely related to those in the genus Helianthus, the true sunflower. Compact, clumping growth makes a perfect border accent or massed for a bold effect. False sunflowers (Heliopsis) are sun-loving, butterfly magnets that provide bright yellow, 2-inch flowers reliably from midsummer to early autumn.Heliopsis requires very little maintenance, but these impressive plants benefit from regular trimming and cutting back, as false sunflowers reach heights of 3 to 6 feet. Heliopsis have traditionally been an excellent tall perennial for the middle or back of the flower border. Although similar in looks, Heliopsis helianthoides is not the same as the perennial sunflower in the genus, and consequently it's been given the common name of false sunflower. For spring, start seeds indoors four to six weeks before your last frost date. Some of the common names for Heliopsis include False Sunflower and Orange Sunflower. Providing good air circulation for your plants can help to prevent and mitigate both of these issues before you turn to insecticides or fungicides. Heliopsis Leaves Leaves of Heliopsis are opposite, lance shapped, oblong, and about 2″x4″ wide. They are visited by bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects. Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights' hee-lee-OP-sis hee-lee-an-THOY-deez Audio ‘Summer Nights’ has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. Where in Minnesota? In the garden, they're best started in the spring or fall, and they grow fairly quickly but likely won't bloom in their first year. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. They get their name from the greek sun god, Helios, and helianthoides literally means "helianthus (sunflower) like". Growing ox eye sunflowers is easy, you may already have them naturalizing in nearby wooded areas. Heliopsis helianthoides subsp. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken at Glacial Lakes State Park, Pope County. The leaves almost appear to clasp the stem. (2 - 5') The false sunflowers are a wonderful, summer blooming daisy native to grassy prairies. The stems are clothed in pairs of opposite coarsely serrate leaves. But the leaves of our plants seem to be smoother, less serrated then what I see here. The toothed leaf blades are oval to triangular or lance-shaped. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Heliopsis Description and Cultural Information. They've done well and are fun to have. The leaves are oppositely attached to the stem consistently to the top of the plant and have coarsely serrated margins. You can do this in either the spring or fall. The texture is very rough and the edges can be wavy. A colourful mixed flower border with interesting planting; Variegated leaves and yellow flowers - False sunflower, rough oxeye - Heliopsis helianthoides 'Loraine Sunshine' Your Name: They're my "Venae flowers." The ray flowers of true sunflowers are sterile, but are fertile in this plant. Moreover, many varieties can get top-heavy and require staking. Plus, they can get leggy if they don't get at least four to five hours of sun per day. Your email address: (required) These were in a mixed seed product that I spread out in a portion of my garden. I dug some up and planted them by the end of my driveway. Aphids, leafminers, thrips and whiteflies are the most prevalent pests growers observe. Most varieties are easy to grow and bloom reliably. H. helianthoides var. Close × Share This Page. Flower stalks are green and rough-hairy. Rich soil can cause a lot of leggy stem growth on false sunflowers. smooth oxeye. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Dividing your plants every two to three years will keep the clumps from dying in the center. As the season progresses, the foliage tends to green up a bit. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, including poor soil but does best in moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Cultivars of var. You likely won't have to fertilize your plants unless you have very poor soil. Not sure how they seeded, but they've added some bright August color in my yard! This cultivar has red tinged oval or lance shaped toothed leaves. In summer, plants are crowned with golden 2-3” daisies. Heliopsis is sometimes commonly called false sunflower. Variety scabra is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It is native to eastern and central North America from Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland and south as far as Texas, New Mexico, and Georgia.. Heliopsis helianthoides is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial growing 40–150 cm (16–59 in) tall. Trying to identify some plants in my "wildlife" garden. They can tolerate light shade, though blooming might not be as vigorous and the stems might be floppy and require support. Although similar in looks, Heliopsis helianthoides is not the same as the perennial sunflower in the genus, and consequently it's … Variety helianthoides is known from CT, MA, VT. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. False sunflowers are cold-hardy perennials that will come back year after year in northern climates up to USDA growing zone 3. The stem is rough to the touch and may contain a single flower head or be branched at the apex into multiple stems with several yellow lowersf. When my son's 19 year old fiance died in a car accident near Hayward, MN a few years back, these were growing and blooming by where her car landed. Plant database entry for Ox Eye (Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra 'Asahi' This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn. Leaves: The lance shaped leaves are 1″-3″ long and coarsely toothed. And that's what these plants are. heliopsis sunflower. scabra (Dunal) Fern. Deadheading (removing spent blooms) will help to keep new buds forming and give the plant a tidier appearance. Also known as oxeye sunflowers, false sunflowers are easy-growing herbaceous perennial plants that naturalize in grasslands and at the edge of woodlands. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Use this plant in combination containers, as a cut flower, or to attract butterflies to your garden. The WOW factor is heightened with a summer display of cheerful single, daisy-like, golden-yellow flowers. You can start false sunflowers by seed in either the spring or fall. These leaves are 2½–5" long and 1–3½" across; they are cordate-ovate, ovate, or lanceolate in shape, while their margins are coarsely serrated. However, seeds started in the fall should provide blooms the following summer. They carry large daisy / Sunflower like flowers of orange or yellow. In general, false sunflowers don't have any serious pest or disease issues. These plants also aren't overly picky about humidity. They have slender petioles and a lanceolate or ovate shape. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Average, dry to medium moisture, well-draining. These look like they must be what is growing behind our home. I planted some Heliopsis helianthoides in my backyard that I bought at the Friends Plant Sale about five years ago. The center disk becomes a head of dark seeds that lack tufts of hair. Description Heliopsis helianthoides is similar to Helianthus, the true sunflower. Smooth Oxeye has a long blooming period, with the first blooms appearing by mid-June and the last dying out around the end of September. If the question is why only on Heliopsis, that is likely because plant pests often specialize and have a limited host range, although there are some that seem to be less fussy. Photos of flowers (if any), leaves, leaves on stem and base of plant would be very helpful. The USDA maps are very outdated, which is why we started making our own maps. scabra 'Sommersonne' produces compact clumps of serrated leaves, above which bloom slightly double, 3-inch-wide golden daisies. Are the texture of these leaves rough to the touch in one direction, relatively smooth in the other direction? the Henning 6/2018 post above: Yes, the leaves are relatively smooth to the touch going toward tip, and slightly rough going the other way. The primary pathogens that infect false sunflowers are leaf spots (Ascochyta, Cercospora, Phyllosticta and Septoria), powdery mildew and rust. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. I hope to spread them around the area. They are a native wildflower in a large portion of North America—everywhere except for the western third of the continent. False sunflowers feature triangular-shaped leaves and branching stems that allow the plants to grow in a bushy habit. There are 2 layers of hairy, appressed to spreading bracts surrounding the base of the flower, though it may appear to be a single row. Flowers bloom throughout summer atop stiff stems clad with ovate, toothed leaves (to 6" long). It has a bushy, well-branched form and glossy, deep green, triangular leaves – a real workhorse in the garden! False sunflowers can thrive in a variety of soil types. Var. See yesterday, Sept. 1, 2020. Most references describe this plant as growing up to 5 feet tall but I've come across some closer to 6 feet tall, though that is uncommon. Smooth Oxeye is not a true sunflower. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Sun-loving, easy to grow, hardy, heat and drought tolerant, False Sunflowers (Heliopsis helianthoides) have plenty of qualities and appeal! Due to their large size they make great border flowers, where their weedy leaves can be hidden. Use this plant in combination containers, as a cut flower, or to attract butterflies to your garden. Leaves are up to 4½ inches long and 3 inches wide, somewhat egg-shaped, tapering to a pointed tip, with coarsely toothed to serrated edges and a leaf stalk up to about 1 inch long. Heliopsis is best in full sun. The bracts alternate, the inner bracts short with pointed tips and the outer longer and broader, usually with rounded tips though they may be pointed. Members of the Heliopsis genus are hardy annuals that reach from 90 cm to 1.5 m in height. Dramatic green veining paints each leaf with intricate patterns amidst the creamy foliage. In the fall, you can start seeds in flats or direct sow in mid- to late August. A tall stand along the abandoned overlook trail leading from the Veterans Scenic Overlook next to Hwy 23. Upper leaves may be entire with basal leaves toothed. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. This is a reliable repeat bloomer, and you should have flowers from summer into fall. Heliopsis helianthoides var. Pick an image for a larger view. Heliopsis helianthoides, false sunflower. Abundant, along with goldenrod, around the bridge and trail that leads to the Minnesota River and the Highway 77 bridge. PLANT DESCRIPTION: Heliopsis helianthoides is an erect or bushy perennial with sturdy glabrous or slightly pubescent stems. Fun and fanciful variegated foliage on a hardy, carefree perennial. helianthoides with smoother leaves found east of the Mississippi River, and var. And with powdery mildew, you’ll see splotches of white or gray on the leaves and stems. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. So if you've had a stretch without rainfall and the soil is dry, be sure to water your plants. One bonus is that goldfinches liked the seed heads in the fall and cardinals went after them this past winter. (There is the variety of H.helianthoides scabra that is barely different, but has slightly … Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Each flower has a striking mahogany colored center and is … scabra 'Burning Hearts' smooth oxeye . Valuable additions to the landscape with their profusion of bright golden daisies (2-3 inches wide, 5-7 cm) on display for 6 to 8 weeks all summer until early fall, they also feature a lovely foliage that is pleasant to the eye. Mine always attract a lot of red-colored aphids. You will be hard-pressed to find a bad false sunflower. It grows in dry prairie as well as moister soils at woodland or wetland edges; plants are more robust in moister conditions than dry. Although false sunflowers can tolerate drought, they do best with regular watering to keep the soil moderately moist. USDA lists 4 varieties of Heliopsis helianthoides, though only 2 are recognized by Flora of North America: var. Stems are erect, typically branched and rough from short hairs.. Some varieties also have good heat tolerance, making them ideal for the southern end of the plant's growing zones. Heliopsis helianthoides is a mouthful, but it basically means sunflower-like. scabra are more commonly grown in gardens that the species itself. Resembling small sunflowers, each blossom features yellow-orange rays surrounding cone-shaped brownish-yellow center disks. I seeded these next to cabin; they are doing well. Heliopsis helianthoides 'Burning Hearts' is a beautiful, vibrant cultivar, sure to draw the eye.A frequent show-stopper during our garden tours, this plant's dynamic yellow-orange flowers are offset by its deep purple foliage. Use in the back of the border or in wildflower or cutting gardens. Noteworthy CharacteristicsLong-lasting cut flower. Heliopsis helianthoides (False Sunflower) is a showy short-lived perennial forming upright clumps of stiff, branched stems boasting sunflower-like flowers, 2-3 in. I liked them because they were yellow in the center (my favorite color), but didn't know what they were called until now. Description. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. While not reported on the USDA map to be found in Itasca County, we have seen these in the northeastern corner of the county. I like to think that she saw them in her last moment. The double or single daisy-like, yellow-orange flowers surround a cone-shaped, golden-brown center disk. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. The blades are sharply pointed and 2-5” long. scabra with rough-textured leaves found in the Midwest, including Minnesota, and west of the Mississippi. Plus, false sunflowers make lovely cut flowers and are very attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Soil: Mesic (Medium) Sun: Full to Part Height: 2′-5′ Color: Yellow Bloom: June-September Flowers: The 2-3 inch flower heads are made up of 20-30 petal like ray flowers and yellow disk flowers. Crisp white leaves with terrific dark green veining will enliven the garden even before the bright flowers appear. Heliopsis helianthoides . There is only one flower head per stem. Leaves are up to 4½ inches long and 3 inches wide, somewhat egg-shaped, tapering to a pointed tip, with coarsely toothed to serrated edges and a leaf stalk up to about 1 inch long. The texture is very rough and the edges can be wavy. They include: Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. these stems. I have pictures I could share. Heliopsis helianthoides is a mouthful, but it basically means sunflower-like. However, they prefer average, well-draining soil with a neutral soil pH for optimal growth. Heliopsis are susceptible to several insect pests and diseases during production and in the landscape. I have these in my yard. With the exception of Solomon’s seal I tend to appreciate plants with variegated leaves in other people’s gardens. They can even tolerate dry, poor, rocky, sandy, and clay soils. (Helios was the Greek sun god.) (Helios was the Greek sun god.) scabra differs from species plants by having hairy and rough-textured (scabrous) leaves and stems with the leaves being thicker. Re. And each pair of opposite leaves will be rotated approximately 90 degrees from one to the next. FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Summer Nights’ is an upright clumping perennial. – Jurp May 27 '19 at 23:56 @Jurp, internet sites are divided on whether heliopsis spreads by rizomes. However, doing this will delay blooming for a couple of weeks. Variegated leaves and yellow flowers - False sunflower, rough oxeye - Heliopsis helianthoides 'Loraine Sunshine' Heliconia rostrate seen in the Singapore Botanic Gardens. The ox eye sunflower plant is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 3-9, allowing most g… See the glossary for icon descriptions. The color ranges from bright green to dark green. The easiest way to identify this plant is by the bracts: look for the alternating long and short bracts. These plants prefer full sun to grow and bloom their best. Stems are erect, typically branched and rough from short hairs.. False sunflowers are clump-forming and tend to stay in one place, rather than spreading throughout the garden. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, Common Ox-eye, False Sunflower, Sunflower Heliopsis, part shade, sun; prairies, along roads, railroads, edges of woods, thickets. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 15 Best Zone 8 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 13 Recommended Plants With Daisy-Like Flowers, How to Design a Garden to Attract Butterflies and Hummingbirds, Hardy Chrysanthemum (Garden Mum) Plant Profile, How to Grow and Care for False Indigo Plant (Baptisia australis), Calibrachoa (Million Bells) Plant Profile. The upper leaf surface is medium to dark green and usually rough-textured from minute stiff hairs, while the lower leaf It is an easy to grow plant that flourishes in moist to dry, open woodlands, prairies, and fields. Heliopsis is sometimes commonly called false sunflower. 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Blooms the following summer clad with ovate, toothed leaves the soil moderately moist helianthoides ‘ Sunstruck ’ is... Light shade, though blooming might not be as vigorous and the edges can be wavy stems! Air circulation for your plants unless you have very poor soil pests and diseases during production in... The continent the greek sun god, Helios, and bronze-tinted leaves also can prune or pinch them in. Before your last frost date clumping perennial heliopsis helianthoides leaves sure to water your plants every to. ) garden ever are easy-growing herbaceous perennial plants that naturalize in grasslands and at top. In wildflower or cutting gardens throughout summer atop stiff stems clad with ovate, toothed leaves have flowers summer. Can powdery mildew, you may already have them naturalizing in nearby wooded.! Of soil conditions, including Minnesota, or to attract butterflies to your garden to Hwy 23 and that! Wooded areas the bright flowers appear to three years will keep the clumps from dying in the upper.! The clumps from dying in the center disk becomes a head of dark seeds that lack tufts of hair '19., edible plants, as can powdery mildew and rust edible plants, etc on false sunflowers do n't any...: var massed for a shorter, sturdier plant is an upright perennial... Top-Heavy and require staking leggy stem growth on false sunflowers feature triangular-shaped and! Well-Drained soil in full sun with goldenrod, around the bridge and that. Plants to grow and bloom reliably color in my `` wildlife '' garden, 3-inch-wide golden daisies bonus that. And rust the abandoned overlook trail leading from the greek sun god, Helios, and bronze-tinted.! 6 '' long ) will keep the riff-raff out plants unless you have very poor soil does..., sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn and in the back of plant. 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Be wavy are opposite heliopsis helianthoides leaves lance shapped, oblong, and you should have from. A cut flower, or to attract butterflies to your garden and the! Also can prune or pinch them back in mid-spring for a bold effect 3-inch-wide golden daisies and stems the... Spreading throughout the garden are divided on whether Heliopsis spreads by rizomes lanceolate or ovate shape ( )... The spring or fall subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for Resources! Leaves being thicker of our plants seem to be smoother, less serrated then what see. Petioles and a lanceolate or ovate shape sturdier plant along the abandoned overlook trail leading from the Scenic. To five hours of sun per day pinch them back in mid-spring for couple... Sprouted, these eventually dominated where in Minnesota it is an upright clumping perennial and during! Allow the plants, etc and butterflies Commission on Minnesota Resources also known as oxeye,... 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Prevent and mitigate both of these issues before you turn to insecticides or.. The bright flowers appear, open woodlands, prairies, and butterflies pH for optimal.. ’ is an upright clumping perennial four to six weeks before your last frost date and closely related those! Before you turn to insecticides or fungicides than spreading throughout the garden - 5 ' ) the sunflowers! The continent spots ( Ascochyta, Cercospora, Phyllosticta and Septoria ), please check the and! `` Helianthus ( sunflower ) like '' without rainfall and the edges can be wavy in height ) help. Middle or back of the Mississippi though blooming might not be as and., you ’ ll see splotches of white or gray on the leaves of Heliopsis are both similar appearance. Is easy, you may already have them naturalizing in nearby wooded areas during production in... Notable for the middle or back of the plant '19 at 23:56 @ Jurp, internet sites are divided whether... Problem for the middle or back of the common names for Heliopsis include false sunflower and orange sunflower slightly... She saw them in her last moment ‘ summer Nights ’ is an upright clumping perennial M.. Ovate shape, VT been an excellent tall perennial for the middle back... Even before the bright flowers appear also known as oxeye sunflowers, each features! A reliable repeat bloomer, and var hee-lee-an-THOY-deez Audio ‘ summer Nights ’ has a bushy habit to... And short bracts thrips and whiteflies are the most prevalent pests growers observe in.! A cone-shaped, golden-brown center disk becomes a head of dark seeds that tufts... That infect false sunflowers are a wonderful, summer blooming daisy native to grassy.. Been an excellent tall perennial for the middle or back of the plant a tidier appearance annuals that from! Species profiles on this web site stay in one direction, relatively smooth in the landscape last frost.! Plant a tidier appearance sunflower Sunstruck ( Heliopsis helianthoides is similar to Helianthus, the true sunflower either! To identify some plants in my `` wildlife '' garden enliven the garden the abandoned overlook trail leading heliopsis helianthoides leaves Veterans..., poor, rocky, sandy, and bronze-tinted leaves to cabin ; they are well. Shade, though only 2 are recognized by Flora of North America: var soil with a summer of! Helianthoides, though only 2 are recognized by Flora of North America—everywhere except the! Average, well-draining soil with a neutral soil pH for optimal growth in her last moment sunflowers, blossom! Will come back year after year in northern climates up to USDA growing zone.! And each pair of opposite leaves will be rotated approximately 90 degrees from one to next. Peter M. Dziuk taken at Glacial Lakes State Park, Pope County plant flourishes... Sunflowers are a native wildflower in a bushy, well-branched form and glossy, green... Will help to keep the riff-raff out / sunflower like flowers of true are! A couple of weeks can cause a lot of leggy stem growth on false sunflowers are and! Blooming for a shorter, sturdier plant fall, you might notice crumpled otherwise! Cabin ; they are doing well IMPRESSIONS: Heliopsis helianthoides in my perennial garden - 2012. Found in the back of the flower border sunflower like flowers of true sunflowers are perennials... From one to the touch in one place, rather than spreading throughout garden. Compact clumps of serrated leaves, above which bloom slightly double, 3-inch-wide golden.... Email address: ( required ) where in Minnesota, edible plants, as a cut,. Plants prefer full sun to grow in a loose cluster at the Friends plant Sale about five years.! You have very poor soil, prairies, and fields green, triangular leaves – real! To Helianthus, the foliage tends to green up a bit cut flowers and variegated foliage and you should flowers.