Self-efficacy has been linked to both sports participation and academic achievement, but no study has examined these three variables together. Does participation in organized sports enhance academic achievement? Although there are several educational benefits resulting from participation in high school sports, African American students do not always experience the positive outcomes that other populations share. The purpose of this causal comparative study was to investigate the effect of athletic participation on the academic achievement of African American high school female students. examination of the effects of athletic participation for male and female student athletes is needed. students’ academic work. A significant body of literature is devoted to the question of after-school sports participation’s effect on academic performance. Purpose of the Study This literature review will examine the effects of athletic participation on academic achievement. Fisher et al. Stephens and Schaben (2002) conducted a study on the effect of interscholastic sports on the academic achievement of middle school students in Omaha, Nebraska. athletic participation is positively associated with academic achievement. With infrequent exceptions, research shows athletics will have a positive or neutral impact on academic measures (Trudeau, F., & Shephard, R. J., 2008). It will attempt to determine whether athletic participation enhances the academic achievement of high school students. Comparison with an alternative model comprising only nonsports extracurricular-activity participation found that the school sports model was both distinct and preferred. Sports Participation and Academic Success Kurtis Arnold Grand Valley State University As an increasingly relevant part of society, sports seem to find a way into many parts of our everyday lives from the global stage to our own individual experiences and feelings towards them. conducted an investigation on the positive and negative correlates of sports participation on inner-city high school students. Supporters of organized sports claim that athletic participation helps foster higher academic achievement. This study sought to examine the relations between sports participation, academic achievement, and self-efficacy in high school students. In his seminal study, Marsh (1988), using a large, national sample, found that athletic participation was favorably related to numerous senior and post-secondary outcomes, including academic achievement and educational aspirations, as well as subsequent college attendance. Overall, participation in school sports demonstrated a significant standardized effect (.225) on academic achievement. He decided that providing numbers to administration, showing a correlation between sports participation and higher academic achievement existed, would help support the need for athletic funding. Wanting to take some sort of action, the researcher decided to explore the impact sports participation has on the current middle school students. This study examined the relationship between academic performance and physical activity participation using objective measures of scholastic achievement, and the effect of banding (academic tracking). Sports appear to be an attractive aspect of the high school experience to many students (Fisher, Juszczak, & Friedman, 1996). During her senior year at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, field hockey player Leah Ferenc reflected on the role athletics play in academic achievement. 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