Menzies successfully ascended Mauna Loa in February 1794 (a team from Captain Cook's crew had unsuccessfully attempted the summit in 1779; see figure 7). Mauna Kea volcano Shield volcano 4205 m / 13,796 ft United States, Hawaiian Islands, 19.82°N / -155.47°W Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) The following 474 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Retrieved from http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/archive/2000/00_06_01.html. The above-stated age determinations were made based on radiocarbon dating of charcoal collected within the Humu`ula soil (Porter, 1971; Wolfe and others, 1997); this soil lies directly beneath the S flank lava flows of Pu`ukole and Pu`u Loa Loa (figure 4). Accessibility Help. There is no reason to fear such an eruption. Sporadic winter storms have provided most, if not all, of the water captured in this considerably arid region (Patrick and Delparte, 2014). "Cinder cones form at vents that are point sources, not elongate fissures. The popular translation of the Hawaiian name Mauna Kea is frequently "White Mountain," however, significant discussions have focused on the source of the name. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 84: 1923-1940. In December 2013, scientists visited the lake and observed an unprecedented sight (figure 13). Ethnographic research conducted prior to 1999 and released in the impact statement concluded that the summit area of Mauna Kea was eligible for the National Register of Historic Places due to traditional cultural property. Washington, H.S., 1923, Petrology of the Hawaiian Islands; I, Kohala and Mauna Kea, Hawaii: American Journal of Science, ser. Federal Highway Administration, 1999, Final Environmental Impact Statement Part 1: Hawaii State Route 200, Mamalahoa Highway (SR 190) to Milepost 6 Saddle Road, County of Hawai`i, State of Hawai`i, FHWA Project No. The base data for that map came from more than 3,300 gravity measurements made above sea level. Geology, 28, 10, p. 883. Menzies estimated the heights of Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea to within 31 m of the currently accepted value, "a remarkable surveying feat for that time" (Wright and others, 1992b). The 1,000 year recurrence interval of the past 10,000 years does not thus indicate that an eruption is 'overdue', but does reinforce the likelihood that eruptions will occur sporadically in the future.". Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi that last erupted approximately 4000 years ago. 1 of Decker, R.W, Wright, T.L., and Stauffer, PH., eds., Volcanism in Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1350, v. 1, p. 5-54. Swanson, D.A., 2000b, Don't be fooled by seemingly peaceful Mauna Kea Volcano--it could erupt again: Hawaii Tribune-Herald, June 4, p. 2. These alteration products may serve as a weak cement between the pyroclasts and reduce the permeability of the cinder cone's base. Even this is a sight to behold! Sections of this page. In contrast to Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea lacks a summit caldera and is capped by a profusion of cinder cones and pyroclastic deposits. 4000 tot 6000 jaar geleden voor het laatst actief; er waren toen minstens zeven uitbarstingen. Hydrologic and isotopic modeling of Alpine Lake Waiau, Mauna Kea, Hawai`i. De Mauna Kea is een slapende vulkaan op het eiland Hawaï.De vulkaan steekt 4207 meter boven de zeespiegel uit. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston (2006), Hawaii. The geology and petrology of Mauna Kea volcano, Hawaii--a study of postshield volcanism. What makes the Mauna Kea summit so popular among visitors is, of course, the fact that you can drive up this inactive volcano all the way to the top. "We cannot now say when the next eruption will take place, except that it is unlikely to be in the next several months, given the current lack of any precursory signs. While the lake size was known to fluctuate over time, this dramatic reduction has caused concern, given the possibility of losing a specialized ecosystem as well as a prominent feature of Hawaiian ethnogeography. 95, No. Hij heeft al eerder een slapend bestaan gehad dat langer duurde dan 4500 jaar, dus het huidige gebrek aan activiteit is geen teken dat de vulkaan definitief is uitgedoofd. The cinder cones responsible for the "bumpy" appearance of Mauna Kea's surface formed during the 60,000-4,000-year interval. Op de top bevinden zich twaalf (onafhankelijke) telescopen – waaronder de twee Keck-telescopen – van het Mauna Kea-observatorium. There is no Emissions History data available for Mauna Kea. Mauna Kea is one of five volcanoes that form the island of Hawaiʻi, the largest and youngest island of the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. Glaciers covered parts of the volcano's summit area during the recent ice ages, the only Hawaiian volcano known to have been glaciated. The few exceptions included the Spanish tilde and the French accent marks, but otherwise the special characters found in indigenous names were always dropped. It’s located on the island of Hawaii The mountain is located on the island of Hawaii, the biggest of the Hawaiian... 3. This report presents early observations by Western explorers; discussions from Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists focusing on the potential for future eruptions; seismicity during 2000-2013; and a recent report by HVO scientists highlighting drastic changes at an alpine lake, Lake Waiau. Eruptive History. Whether the timing is years, centuries, or millennia is entirely unclear. The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Mauna Kea is often translated literally as “white mountain” because of the snow that covers its summit. Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. The tiny earthquakes aren’t signs of the volcano… Res., 151: 309-317. U S Geol Surv Prof Pap, 1557: 1-129. It began as a preshield volcano driven by the Hawaiʻi hotspot around one million years ago, and became exceptionally active during its shield stage until 500,000 years ago. "For example, the most recent eruptive period, 6,000-4,000 years ago, involved eight vents on the south flank of the volcano between Kala`i`eha cone (near Humu`ula) and Pu`ukole (east of Hale Pohaku). There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales. 12/2013 (BGVN 38:12) In repose; background conditions and hazards. A-AD-6(1) which included potential cultural impacts on the island by expanding State Routes 190 and 200, "The mountain is the sacred child of Wakea, and it is the source for the land. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. The visitor center is located ~halfway up the Maunakea volcano at 9,200 ft elevation. Massive Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world, towering 33,476 feet (10,204 meters) above its base on the floor of the Pacific Ocean. It erupted many times between 60,000 and 4,000 years ago, and some periods of quiet during that time apparently lasted longer than 4,000 years. But more than likely, you will see higher mountains (like Mauna Kea, Hualalai, and Haleakala) sticking up over a sea of clouds. Lake Waiau has likely persisted due to the once-glassy cinders and bombs that have weathered to smectite with zeolites within the void spaces. Approximately 570 people reported the M 4.5 earthquake that occurred on 20 October 2011 and also 10 of the aftershocks that followed (figure 9). Mauna Kea (pronunciación en inglés: /ˌmɔːnə ˈkeɪ.ə/ ó /ˌmaʊnə ˈkeɪ.ə/), es un volcán inactivo de la isla de Hawái.Con una altitud de 4207 msnm, es el punto más alto del estado de Hawái.. Medida desde su base en el fondo del océano hasta la cumbre, Mauna Kea supera los 10.000 m de altitud, siendo por tanto más alto que el Monte Everest. Mauna Kea, Hawaii's highest volcano, reaches 4205 m, only 35 m above its neighbor, Mauna Loa. [1] Met een totale hoogte van 10.203 meter, gemeten vanaf het laagste punt van zijn voet op de bodem van de Grote Oceaan, wordt het soms gezien als de hoogste berg ter wereld, hoewel de Mount Everest en vele andere bergen hoger boven zeeniveau uitsteken. De leeftijd wordt geschat op 1 miljoen jaar, de oudste gevonden stenen zijn ca. [2] De vulkaan was ca. There has been growing consensus that Mauna Kea is a shortened form of Mauna a Wakea, which refers to the sky father Wakea. Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the, EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. During this same period, eruptions took place on the northeast flank at Pu`u Lehu and Pu`u Kanakaleonui. Image. Geologists estimate that Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano, has erupted about once every six years for the past three millennia. Related Article: 10 Facts about Layers of Earth. Wolfe E W, Wise W S, Dalrymple B, 1997. In a sense, the telescopes will serve as very expensive tiltmeters. Early European observations. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. Mauna Kea entered its quieter post-shield stage250,000 to 200,000 years ago, and is … The cinder cone Pu`uwaiau, located within 2 km of the summit, has contained a freshwater lake that was considered permanent by Wolfe and others (1997) (figures 11 and 12). Facts about Mauna Kea 5: the European people Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, Eruptions, Earthquakes & Emissions Application, Department of Mineral Sciences collections, World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO), GVMID Data on Volcano Monitoring Infrastructure, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS), Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE), Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA), Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA), WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. Wright, T.L., Chu, J.Y., Esposo, J., Heliker, C., Hodge, J., Lockwood, J.P., and Vogt, S.M., 1992a, Map showing lava-flow hazard zones, island of Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2193, scale 1:250,000. This is the first Bulletin report for Mauna Kea, the tallest volcano on the Island of Hawai`i (figures 1, 2, and 3). Submarine eruptions began to build Mauna kea from the sea floor around ~0.8 million years ago. It remains a technological challenge, but a goal. "A prominent cinder cone will probably be constructed at each vent. GVP will strive to conform to GNIS nomenclature. As the highest volcano on the island of Hawaii, it is an ideal location for astronomical observatories. Mauna Kea's most recent eruption occurred ~4,500 years ago, generating both lava flows and cinder cones. 1, 160 pp. Figure 6 maps the 3-dimensional structure as modeled from the gravity data and expresses the gravity anomalies in terms of elevation from the overlying ground surface. Porter, S.C., 1971, Holocene Eruptions of Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii, Science, Vol. A number of earthquakes occur beneath Mauna Kea each year, and you can bet that we pay close attention to them. A note regarding the name Mauna Kea. But Mauna Kea is a short version of Mauna a Wakea, a name that connects it to the sky father, Wakea. The volcano is not dead. Geohazards Consultants International, Inc., Mauna Kea Science Reserve Master Plan, Volcano, HI, March 2000, 22 p. Gregory, H.E., and Wentworth, C.K., 1937, General features and glacial geology of Mauna Kea, Hawaii: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 48, no. Mauna Kea, Hawaii's highest volcano, reaches 4205 m, only 35 m above its neighbor, Mauna Loa. Light snowfall covers Mauna Kea, considered to be the largest mountain in the world, as well as an active volcano, on the Big Island of Hawaii. and Nakata, J.S., 2011, Earthquakes in Hawai`i-An Underappreciated but Serious Hazard, Fact Sheet 2011-3013, USGS Fact Sheet, September 2011. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. Geohazards Consultants International, Inc. A note regarding Hawaiian names and nomenclature. According to the Mauna Kea Science Reserve Master Plan released by the Geohazards Consultants International, Inc. in March 2000: "Mauna Kea's post-glacial eruptions have been episodic rather than periodic, however, with a particular concentration of eruptive activity between 4,400-5,600 years ago. Past eruptions-and hence future ones--probably lasted months to several years, providing enough time to construct a substantial cone. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. Mauna Kea, the highest volcano on the Island of Hawai‘i, erupted most recently between about 6,000 and 4,500 years ago from at least seven separate summit-area vents, producing lava flows and cinder cones. Mauna Kea is presently considered a volcano exhibiting quiescence that has, according to the known geologic record, an extensive history of lapsed activity. 17 Amazing Facts About Mauna Kea 1. Retrieved from http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_htm/hawaii.htm. The next eruption will likely produce a similar cone. Volcano Watch. J. Volcanol. This transition took place about 200,000 to 250,000 years ago, and much of Mauna Kea, whose Hawaiian name means "White Mountain," was constructed during the Pleistocene. A road that reaches a cluster of astronomical observatories on the summit also provides access to seasonal tropical skiing. De Mauna Kea is een slapende vulkaan op het eiland Hawaï. Mauna Kea also served as a burial ground for high-ranking chiefs and priests, and religious ceremonies still take place on the long-quiet volcano, even today. USGS-HVO (May 2002). EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility. In fact, for decades it has been hiding one of the most unique seismic signals seen at any volcano. Of course, there is also the summit caldera itself, which is HUGE. To reach the visitor station you will follow Hwy 200 (Saddle Road) until you get to the Mauna Kea access road (around mile marker 28, across the street from the Puʻu Huluhulu Cinder cone parking lot) and follow that road up. In repose; background conditions and hazards. Mauna Kea Volcano rises high above the landscape on the north side of Hawaii's Big Island, stretching 13,796 feet (4205 meters) above the beaches along the Kohala coast. A note regarding Hawaiian names and nomenclature. Image of the Day Land Human Presence. The coordinates used for tracking their observations will begin to drift unexpectedly as the volcano is swelling. You get to walk across it for a while when hiking to the Mauna … In contrast to Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea lacks a summit caldera and is capped by a profusion of cinder cones and pyroclastic deposits. Stearns and Macdonald (1946) and Washington (1923) expanded the knowledge base of Mauna Kea's geochemistry, and Gregory and Wentworth (1937) established that the glacial features from the most recent glacial episode (40,000 to 13,000 years ago) were interspersed with primary volcanic material. The slopes of Mauna Kea were inhabited by the ancient Hawaiian people because the forests provided them with sufficient food. Patrick, M. R. and Delparte, D., 2014, Tracking Dramatic Changes at Hawaii's Only Alpine Lake: EOS (Transactions, American Geophysical Union), Vol. The longest flows will reach 15-25 km (9-15 miles) downslope. "Until the 1990's, it was also Federal policy to omit most diacritics and writing marks from placenames on Federal maps and documents. The submarine feature known as the Hilo Ridge was also included in the density study with data contributed by GLORIA (a side-scan sonar) as well as satellites ERS-1, Geosat, and Seasat. There is no Deformation History data available for Mauna Kea. "Possibly, however, there will not be enough spattering to build a lasting cone. The BGN staff, under the direction and guidance of the Hawaii State Geographic Names Authority, has been restoring systemically these marks to each Hawaiian name listed in GNIS.". Based on the occurrence of 12 eruptions within a 10,000 year period, Mauna Kea's recurrence interval is ~1,000 years (Geohazards Consultants International, Inc., 2000). Mauna Kea is considered to be a dormant shield volcano in what is commonly known as the "post-shield" stage. Ehlmann, B.L., Arvidson, R.E., Jolliff, B.L., Johnson, S.S., Ebel, B., Lovenduski, N., Morris, J.D., Beyers, J.A., Snider, N.O., and Criss, R.E., 2005. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. Geotherm. Volcanoes: Global Perspectives, Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ, ix, 539 p. Okubo, P.G. Mauna Kea Volcano: The Tallest Mountain. Met een totale hoogte van 10.203 meter, gemeten vanaf het laagste punt van zijn voet op de bodem van de Grote Oceaan, wordt het soms gezien als de hoogste berg ter wereld, hoewel de Mount Everest en vele andere bergen hoger boven zeeniveau uitsteken. A-AD-6(1). Reports of felt earthquakes from Mauna Kea correlated with magnitude 2.1-4.9 earthquakes during 1973-2012. The potential for a future eruption from Mauna Kea was addressed in a Volcano Watch article posted in June 2000 by then Scientist-in-Charge, Don Swanson, from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) (Swanson, 2000ab). Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano in the U.S. State of Hawaii. Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii. Stearns, H.T., and Macdonald, G.A., 1946, Geology and ground-water resources of the Island of Hawaii: Hawaii Division of Hydrography Bulletin 9, 363 p. Swanson, D.A., (June 2000a). Consequently, the postshield eruptions are not concentrated along narrow zones but instead are scattered across the mountain. 172 no. An example of this has been the addition of the glottal stop (okina) and macron (kahako) to placenames of Hawaiian origin, which prior to 1995 had always been omitted. HVO reported that, like many of Mauna Kea's earthquakes, these earthquakes were "most likely caused by structural adjustments within the Earth's crust due to the heavy load of Mauna Kea." "The next eruption could take place anywhere on the upper flanks of the volcano. It is an active shield volcano with relatively gentle slopes, with a volume estimated at approximately 18,000 cubic miles (75,000 km3), although its peak is about 125 feet (38 m) lower than that of its neighbor, Mauna Kea. Contributions from permafrost were also proposed by Woodcock (1980), but the presence of permafrost has not been confirmed near Lake Waiau. Gravity model. However, they all appear to be associated with tectonic faulting rather than movement of magma. Daly, R.A., 1911, Magmatic differentiation in Hawaii: Journal of Geology, v. 19, no. Lake Waiau recedes. Mauna Kea's summit is considered "one of the most sacred spots in the Hawaiian Islands. Kauahikaua, J., Hildenbrand, T., & Webring, M., 2000. Porter S C, 1973. In the recent past, the lake was known to overflow through the Pohakuloa Gulch when water levels exceeded the rim (as recently as February 2002) (Ehlmann and others, 2005). "Before the next one, we should have ample warning provided by our current seismic and geodetic monitoring systems. "The telescopes on top of the volcano may be the first to indicate that something is amiss. The latest eruptions produced a series of cinder cones and lava flows from vents on the northern and southern flanks during the early- to mid-Holocene. Island-wide instrumentation allowed excellent location data for the local seismicity (figure 8). "Mauna Kea's peaceful appearance is misleading. 14, p. 117-118. Mauna Loa volcano is one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. and Fodor, R.V., 1997, Magma-reservoir crystallization processes: small-scale dikes in cumulate gabbros, Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii, Bulletin of Volcanology, 59, p. 186-197. Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. The Maunakea and Mauna Loa summits were blanketed with snow Monday evening amid a winter storm warning that remains posted until 6 p.m. Tuesday. HVO reported that earthquake swarms occasionally occur at Mauna Kea. As of May 2014, strong winter rains had partially restored the lake, providing stronger evidence that the multi-year shrinkage was due to the ongoing drought as opposed to changes in the volcanic system. The designations of shield-building and post-shield stages come from a system of structural development that represents the current understanding of Hawaiian volcanism. As such, the Board collects and promulgates every name that is considered official for Federal use. Facts about Mauna Kea 4: the slopes of Mauna Kea. Mauna Kea's seismicity. Other Volcanoes. Most of each flow will be `a`a, but pahoehoe may form near vents. A quick footnote here about the volcano’s name: while Mauna Kea means “White Mountain” and is certainly an apt description, you’ll also see the area referred to as Maunakea -- all one word. Patrick and Delparte (2014) reported that the lake size before 2010 was 5,000-7,000 m2 with a depth of ~3 m, but recently, the size has been decreasing rapidly. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided. Eruptive style and activity status. Wolfe and others (1997) determined that "eruptive activity of Mauna Kea was partly contemporaneous with that at Kohala, Hualalai, and Mauna Loa, and the volcano boundaries are undoubtedly complex.". Prior to this investigation, the Hilo Ridge had been attributed to Mauna Kea as its possible rift zone; however, the authors determined a stronger connection with Kohala due to multiple factors including the strongly NW-trending linear zone that extends ~80 km from the modelled core of Kohala. The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. The cones mentioned by name above, and several others, were built during the latest eruptive period 6,000-4,000 years ago. Hawaiian alpine lake level, rainfall trends, and spring flow, Pacific Science, 34, p. 195–209. The mountains and land were genealogically connected to native Hawaiians through the original ancestor, Wakea [sky father] and Papa [earth mother].". The design of superyacht project MAUNA KEA demonstrates perfectly Roberto's signature style which is innovative yet practical. This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. It would not threaten human life, provided due care were taken, though it could prove devastating to property and infrastructure, particularly if a lava flow traveled to the Hamakua coast or the Waimea area.". Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. With an estimated volume of >30,000 km3, Mauna Kea rises ~10,000 m above the seafloor, causing stress to accumulate from the mass of the volcano (Lockwood and Hazlett, 2010). HVO reported that, several times each year, earthquakes from Mauna Kea cause shaking that is noted by local populations - especially the operators of the Mauna Kea astronomical observatory, who rely on stable instrumentation in order to make precise observations. Mauna Kea kuahiwi ku ha’o ika malie (Mauna Kea is the astonishing mountain that stands in the calm) ‘Since starting this outfit in 83’ with an ancient Land Cruiser and a basket full of dusty sweaters, my guides and I have had the enviable job of guiding inquisitive folks, like you, to the beauty of Mauna Kea. Catalog number links will open a window with more information. Deep magmatic structures of Hawaiian volcanoes, imaged by three-dimensional gravity models. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. 12, p. 1719-1742. This activity is considered characteristic of a volcanic system that had evolved past the shield-building stage to the post-shield stage (Hoover and Fodor, 1997). (http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3013/). Mauna Kea is a volcano on the island of Hawaii. De vulkaan steekt 4207 meter boven de zeespiegel uit. Fitzpatrick, G.L, 1986. Positive gravity anomalies define gravitationally dense zones caused by intrusions and cumulates beneath the summit and known rift zones of each of the five volcanoes composing the island. Hawaii’s long-dormant Mauna Kea volcano has been quietly and regularly rumbling for decades — but there’s no need for alarm. Mauna Kea volcano Shield volcano 4205 m / 13,796 ft United States, Hawaiian Islands, 19.82°N / -155.47°W Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) 30, p. 465-502. De top van de Mauna Kea is te bereiken via een voor het grootste gedeelte verharde weg. Mauna Kea volcano hasn't erupted in over 4,500 years, but that doesn't mean it's quiet. The early mapping of Hawaii. As Mauna Kea evolved from its early shield stage (equivalent to Kilauea and Mauna Loa today) to its present postshield stage, the volcano lost its rift zones. It is also considered the world’s tallest mountain if measured from its base on the ocean floor. In tegenstelling tot de naastgelegen Mauna Loa is de Mauna Kea niet actief en wordt hij beschouwd als slapende vulkaan. According to testaments presented in the Final Environmental Impact Statement of the Federal Highway Administration Project No. Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano in the Hawaiian Islands.It is the highest point in Hawaii at 4,205 meters. [3], Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution, Rechter stopt bouw megatelescoop op heilige berg Hawaii, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mauna_Kea&oldid=57704599, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. These earthquakes were mainly located ~15 km S of Pa`auilo (~3 km NW of Kuka`iau, figure 10), at a depth of 8-11 km. Earthquake swarms at Mauna Kea. The record indicates that compared with Mauna Loa, which erupted every few years to few tens of years, and Hualalai, which erupted every few hundred years, Mauna Kea has exhibited long breaks in activity (USGS, 2002). In more recent years, however, the BGN has amended its policy to permit the inclusion of such marks, thus more accurately reflecting the true representation of the native language. The seismicity detected beneath Mauna Kea has been characterized as "infrequent and sparse." Wright, T.L., Takahashi, T.J., and Griggs, J.D., 1992b, Hawai`i Volcano Watch: A Pictorial History, 1779-1991, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 162 p. Information Contacts: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), U.S. Geological Survey, PO Box 51, Hawai`i National Park, HI 96718, USA (URL: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/); Richard Wainscoat, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Institute for Astronomy (URL: http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/, http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/images/aerial-tour-95/); Scott Rowland, University of Hawaii at Manoa, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (URL: http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/); and Hawaii News Now (URL: http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/). The official vehicle for promulgating these names and their locative attributes is the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). Jump to. ... and the rain continued all the way back to Volcano. Stratigraphy and chronology of late Quaternary tephra along the South Rift Zone of Mauna Kea volcano, Hawaii. As previously noted in other Bulletin reports, according to Runyon (2006), "The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is responsible for establishing and maintaining uniform geographical name usage throughout all departments and agencies of the United States government. This pattern of activity might also imply that the next eruption of Mauna Kea could be followed by others at much shorter intervals, representing a potential clustering of events in the given time interval (Jim Kauahikaua, personal communication, 30 May 2014). Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 7 dec 2020 om 22:23. "The next eruption will likely produce a lava flow, because each eruption in the past 60,000 years has done so. They produced tools from the volcano-glacial basalts of the mountain. If you are looking for one of the ultimate stargazing adventures, definitely put the Mauna Kea Volcano Summit and Observatory on your list. An early survey of Hawai`i was conducted by Archibald Menzies, a botanist who accompanied Captain George Vancouver during the cruises of 1792-1794. If measured from top to bottom, below sea level, it is 10,200 meters high and would be the tallest mountain in the world. mauna kea volcano under beautiful cloud, hawaii islands - mauna kea stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. "But we can say something about the probable nature of the next eruption, because we know what the most recent ones were like, thanks to recently published research by Ed Wolfe [see Wolfe and others, 1997], former staff member of HVO, and colleagues. The article addresses not only eruption frequency but also trends in eruption style, the potential response of the telescope installation at Mauna Kea's summit, and a general forecast for a likely scenario in the future. "Mauna Kea has an elliptical-shaped core, slightly elongated east-west, with a broad, linear feature trending southeast. 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