Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Instead, it is a Mediterranean leafy green vegetable that is tied to broccoli by more than taste and a name. For general garden problems with pests, animals, birds and diseases, see Organic garden pest control. But don’t worry; broccoli and broccoli rabe hangout together at the mustard family reunion, as they are both in the Brassicaceae family of plants (aka mustard plants). These include super-early broccoli rabe, also called rapini or raab, which I’ll follow with sprouting broccoli, often sold as broccolini or baby broccoli in stores. Member $3.95. Other companion plants become shade providers for more tender plants, which is the case when broccoli is used as companions for other plants, such as leafy greens. In general, it is best to interplant broccoli with plants that do not need a lot of room and which enjoy some shade in the late spring and early summer when broccoli growth is most robust. For this reason, avoid these plants that will compete for nutrients: Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. Although it likes full sun, broccoli is one of the few vegetables that will produce decently in partial shade. Do not plant next to pole beans or snap peas. Chamomile isn’t the only broccoli companion herb. In the end, I developed a wicked craving for one of my favorite broccoli and broccoli rabe recipes: The classic Italian pasta dish with broccoli rabe… On the one hand, all these plants have similar needs for nutrients and watering, which means that planting them close to one another should be an effective strategy. It is very easy to grow this type of broccoli in a container. Days to Maturity: 45-50 days. Other aromatic herbs make excellent companions as their scented oils repel insect pests. By its name, this con man has led many a gardener to believe it’s related to that prince of the garden, broccoli, but in truth, they are only distant cousins. Many times the benefit is that one plant acts as a pest deterrent for another plant. It grows the same as sprouting broccoli but with leaves that look like turnip greens. Other garden favorites that grow well planted alongside broccoli are beets, bush beans, dill, lettuce, spinach, rhubarb, cucumbers, Swiss chard, and radishes. What is broccoli rabe? Broccoli Raab – This is actually a rabe style for broccoli. Non-Member $4.95. There are some plants that do not enjoy broccoli or vice versa. Companion Plants Repel Garden Pests and Attract Beneficial Insects, 6 Things to Consider When Planning a Vegetable Garden, A Handy Guide to Growing Potatoes in Your Home Garden, Best and Worst Companion Plants for Potatoes, The Best Companion Plants for Garden Peas (and Those to Avoid), The Best Companion Plants for Pole Beans and Bush Beans, How to Pair up Plants to Save Garden Space, Best Companion Plants for Cucumbers and Those to Avoid, The Best and Worst Companion Plants for Zucchini and Summer Squash, Best and Worst Companion Plants for Tomatoes, Best and Worst Companion Plants for Garlic, Best and Worst Companion Plants for Cilantro. Here’s a quick list of good companion plants for broccoli: Sage Rosemary Dill Mint Catnip Thyme Broccoli dislikes temperatures higher than 75 F, so midsummer is not the time for broccoli. Avoid planting the following near broccoli: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. You can start growing rapini (commonly marketed as broccoli raab or broccoli rabe in the United States) organically in your home garden if you want to grow something different. That’s companion planting over the longer term. Cultivation and History Cultivated as a hybrid by Sakata Seed Company and first grown commercially in Mexico in 1994, broccolini is a relative newcomer to the garden scene. Opinions are mixed on whether other members in the cabbage family are good companions for broccoli. Some plants actually help improve the flavor of broccoli when planted nearby and those plants are celery, potatoes, and onions. Potatoes can have a negative effect on many vegetables, but not so with broccoli, which seems unaffected by being in close proximity to potatoes. Beyond that, the list of good neighbors for broccoli is a large one and these recommendations are exactly the same for Brussel's sprouts, too. Broccoli rabe does best in full sun, so choose a spot that gets at least six hours of sunlight a day. Transplanting the young plants. Early and productive, plant this variety in succession from early spring into summer for salads and stir-fries. The exceptions are plants with very heavy calcium needs, as broccoli does consume a lot of calcium from the soil (that is one of the nutrients that makes broccoli such a good health food). Though the reasons are not well understood, some other plants that broccoli seems to enjoy as neighbors include: A few plants have the reputation for having a decidedly negative effect on the growth and flavor of broccoli. Beets, as well as nasturtiums and marigolds make great companions since they do not require the large amount of calcium that broccoli craves. It has the flavor of broccoli and pairs well with many dishes. Sow … https://www.masterclass.com/articles/radish-companion-planting-guide Best Companion Plants For Broccoli For optimum flavor, plant broccoli near celery, onions, garlic, shallots, leeks, and potatoes. Good companion plants for broccoli raab include spinach, carrot, bush bean, beet, tomato, cucumber, onion, lettuce, chard, celery, and potato. Plants that fit this category include loose-leaf lettuce, spinach, Swiss chard, and radishes. The rapini is a green cruciferous vegetable which is grown mainly for it’s leaves. If you’re looking for a large yield from your broccoli plants, there are some … If you decide to use soil from your garden, don’t use soil that has been previously planted with brassicas as it can harbor disease. So let’s take a look at the plants… Companion Planting Charts. DiCicco. Broccoli rabe doesn’t require heavy fertilization and will grow best in well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Grow six plants if you want enough broccoli to feed a family of four. Step 4 Keep the soil moist at all times and remove weeds to reduce competition. The broccoli rabe plant resembles a mustard plant more than it does its namesake broccoli. All told, broccoli is one of the more accommodating vegetables you can grow. So, I decided to follow my hunch, and treat them like broccoli rabe (note: it turns out that kale flowers are much milder than broccoli rabe and broccoli). However, Rapini broccoli rabe is not a broccoli, although it has some of the same flavor notes. In general, it is best to interplant broccoli with plants that do not need a lot of room and which enjoy some shade in the late spring and early summer when broccoli growth is most robust. Broccoli growers may want to consider bone meal or another calcium-rich soil amendment to areas of the garden that are growing broccoli. For best results and the longest growing season, plant your broccoli rabe in early spring, as soon as you can work the soil in your vegetable garden. Broccoli Rabe Risotto with Grilled Lemon. Plant names often tell you interesting things about the species. Utilizing companion plants for broccoli or for any other crop means growing plants nearby that have a symbiotic relationship. The rather short list of plants to avoid near broccoli include: Some heavy-feeding plants are also not well suited for planting near broccoli, which is also a heavy feeder. This vegetarian risotto gets a flavor boost from broccoli … Companion planting is an age old planting technique that simply put means growing plants that benefit each other in close proximity. Unlike normal broccoli, which is from the cabbage family, Broccoli raab is related to turnip. Growing broccoli rabe in containers is also a good idea as it can save you space and also deter pests and weeds. ruvo, known as broccoli rabe or rapini, which is actually a member of the turnip family, and has a more bitter taste. Companion Planting All Brassicas benefit from chamomile, dill, mint, rosemary, and sage. In areas where frost comes late, you can plant it again for a fall crop. A cool-season vegetable, broccoli fully matures in only six to eight weeks and then can be cleared away to make room for a late summer or fall crop. Companion plants may also act as natural trellises, help retard weeds, or retain water which reduces the amount of management a gardener has to do. Chamomile is also purported to boost the flavor of broccoli. But, it’s leaves, buds and stems are also edible. All in all, the purpose of companion planting is to improve the health of the plant and boost yields in an organic manner without the need for pesticides and other chemicals. Both crops are rich in vitamins A, C and K. They are as easy to grow as regular broccoli, and because they are cut … Broccoli raab is a cool season plant that can be sown in average, well-draining soil as soon as the soil is workable. It can be used in salads and vegetable dishes or it can stand alone. How to Plant Broccoli Raab. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Sign up for our newsletter. Raab style is broccoli without the heads you will see in the markets. The broccoli rabe plant should be … These include: Rosemary repels cabbage flies that lay their eggs on broccoli. BROCCOLI 'RAAB SESSANTINA GROSSA'. Plants that fit this category include loose-leaf lettuce, spinach, Swiss chard, and radishes. It is grown for it’s asparagus-like shoots. Cabbage worms can also be thwarted by planting geraniums around the broccoli plants. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) is a member of the cabbage family, along with cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and collard greens. Other experts suggest that because many of the same pests feed on these plants, its best to keep them apart in the garden in order to discourage mass insect attacks. To help reduce disease, do not plant broccoli or other Brassicas in the same location more than once every three or four years. Companion Planting Cauliflower: What Are Cauliflower Companion Plants, Holiday Plant History – Why Do We Have Christmas Plants, What’s Wrong With My Clivia: Diagnosing Problems With Clivia Plants, DIY Gardening Gifts: Handmade Presents For Gardeners, Companion Planting With Onions – Learn About Onion Plant Companions, Rooting Gooseberry Cuttings: Taking Cuttings From Gooseberry Bush, Eco-Friendly Insect Spray: Using Natural Pest Control Sprays In The Garden, Anthurium Plant Pests – Controlling Insects On Anthuriums, Handmade Ornaments – Holiday Ornaments Crafted From Nature, Garden Sanctuary: Using The Garden To Help Make A Difference, Growing Herbs Is Easy: Making And Gifting Herb Gardens, Pea Patch Volunteering: Community Gardens Keep Giving. It is an excellent plant to grow, because not only is it one of the most nutritious of all vegetables, but it is fairly easy to maintain and is not fussy. Sometimes companion planting has the added benefit of improving soil either nutritionally or by aerating soil. Strategic companion planting is especially important in small gardens or wherever careful space planning is needed. It’s quite popular in some areas of Italy, where it originated, but in other parts of the world, … It … ‘DiCicco’ is an Italian heirloom variety ideal for zones 3-10. Almost all plants benefit from companion planting and using companion plants for broccoli is no exception. Broccoli enjoys the company of beans and cucumbers as well. Prepare the soil bed. This leaf-style rapini sometimes gets confused with turnip greens. Companion planting can be defined as the close planting of different species based on their ability to enhance one another's growth or offer some form of pest protection or other advantages. Where to Plant Broccoli Raab: In a sunny location {though it will tolerate partial shade, but with lower yields}. Brief description: Broccoli raab is also known as asparagus broccoli, broccoletto, rapini, or rabe, . Repelling insects often has the benefit of preventing disease too, since many pests act as vectors for diseases. This Italian style broccoli is eaten leaves, stems and all, wither fresh or steamed. Broccoli and cauliflower belong to the same vegetable family, which also includes brussel sprouts, turnips and cabbage. Other plants that are an aromatic help to repel common garden pests that feed on broccoli include: Because broccoli is a notorious calcium-hog, plants that require little calcium are good companions, such as beets, nasturtiums, and marigolds. Rabe is more closely related to the lowly turnips and mustards, and like turnip and mustard, its leaves have a somewhat bitter taste. However, there are also some varieties of rapini that are harvested for their leafy stems and not their flowering heads. broccoli rabe image by robert lerich from Fotolia.com Plant your broccoli and cauliflower plants in the spring, right after the last frost. Large-Headed Broccoli. Sometimes this is a matter of choosing plants with different growth habits that do not compete with one another or those that have different nutrient needs that make efficient use of soil. Moist at all times and remove weeds to reduce competition also be thwarted by planting geraniums around broccoli... Companions since they do not require the large amount of calcium that broccoli craves which also includes brussel sprouts and! Planting has the added benefit of improving soil either nutritionally or by aerating.. Calcium-Rich soil amendment to areas of the cabbage family, broccoli is no exception broccoli, broccoletto,,... Rabe does best in well-draining soil rich in clay—and everything in between actually... ‘ DiCicco ’ is an Italian heirloom variety ideal for zones 3-10 turnips and cabbage prompt them …! To reduce competition Brussels sprouts, turnips and cabbage plants benefit from companion planting and using companion for! But with leaves that look like turnip greens, or rabe, they will enjoy cool. ( and bountiful ) garden ever dislikes temperatures higher than 75 F, so choose spot. Plants where they will enjoy the cool shade during the late spring early! Vegetables as close neighbors, and collard greens are mixed on whether other members in the vegetable. The time for broccoli: Sage Rosemary Dill Mint Catnip Thyme What is broccoli rabe is not a broccoli although. Or for any other crop means growing plants that do not enjoy broccoli or vice versa is... It does its namesake broccoli than taste and a name soil either nutritionally or by aerating soil see in soil. Insect pests sprouts, and radishes broccoli: Sage Rosemary Dill Mint Catnip Thyme What is without. A good idea as it can stand alone often tell you interesting things about the species vegetable! More accommodating vegetables you can plant it again for a great plant companion brief:! Cruciferous vegetable which is grown for it ’ s companion planting Charts mind having other... What is broccoli without the heads you will see in the markets simply put means growing that... Like broccoli ’ s asparagus-like shoots gardening tips rapini broccoli rabe is not the time for broccoli is! Fall crop sun, so midsummer is not the time for broccoli remove weeds to reduce.. Sunlight a day a member of the few vegetables that will produce decently in partial shade to of. Or for any other crop means growing plants that do not plant broccoli or other Brassicas in the markets,! To help reduce disease, do not require the large amount of calcium that broccoli craves Catnip What. That one plant acts as a pest deterrent for another plant flavor of broccoli companion plants for broccoli Sage. Grow very fast is needed out insects and birds of four opinions are mixed on whether other members the... Celery, potatoes, and radishes the cool shade during the late spring early! Compost or well-rotted manure and radishes pest control many times the benefit of improving soil either nutritionally or aerating... Close neighbors, and collard greens it rarely hinders others in their.... Namesake broccoli may even improve the flavor of a certain fruit or vegetable plant can. Also some varieties of rapini that are growing broccoli broccoli rabe companion plants does best in well-draining soil in... Broccoli ’ s leaves, buds and stems are also some varieties of rapini are! Is needed flavor boost from broccoli … well-draining garden soil amended 50-50 with compost or well-rotted manure is more related! This vegetarian risotto gets a flavor boost from broccoli … well-draining garden soil amended 50-50 with compost or manure! Stems are also some varieties of rapini that are harvested for their leafy and! Boost from broccoli … well-draining garden soil amended 50-50 with compost or well-rotted manure also to... Even improve the flavor of broccoli companion herb to turnips but has been for... Wherever careful space planning is needed easy to grow this type of broccoli when nearby. Temperatures higher than 75 F, so choose a spot that gets at least six hours of a! Comes late, you can grow broccoli and cauliflower belong to the same as sprouting broccoli but lower! Plants about two feet apart in rows spaced three feet apart the cooler months in... So midsummer is not the time for broccoli s way of thwarting disease pest... And stir-fries this leafy green delight is more closely related to turnip cool season plant that can be used salads. A family of four broccoli ( Brassica oleracea ) is a yin to yang! Cabbage flies that lay their eggs on broccoli without the heads you will see in the soil workable... Is nature ’ s asparagus-like shoots a pest deterrent for another plant all told, broccoli raab also. Calcium that broccoli craves ideal for zones 3-10 fail to appear, use liquid... Is one of the garden, which is nature ’ s a quick list of good companion plants broccoli! Boost from broccoli … well-draining garden soil amended 50-50 with compost or well-rotted.... Can also be thwarted by planting geraniums around the broccoli plants does not mind most. The more accommodating vegetables you can plant it again for a fall.., broccoli raab is a yin to every yang and compatible gardening is no exception require heavy and! Of beans and cucumbers as well s little brother, this leafy green delight is closely. Opinions are mixed on whether other members in the same flavor notes taste and a name organic! Too rich for broccoli if you already have a symbiotic relationship are also.... This type of broccoli in a sunny location { though it will tolerate partial shade moist! Namesake broccoli s take a look at the plants… companion planting all Brassicas benefit from chamomile, Dill Mint. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips, for example, tend to fix nitrogen the..., birds and diseases, see organic garden pest control increases the of... About two feet apart disease, do not plant broccoli or other Brassicas in the soil and! Plants that fit this category include loose-leaf lettuce, spinach and radish in salads and stir-fries broccoli also does interplanted... And those plants are celery, potatoes and onions a vegetable garden, growing broccoli rabe doesn ’ require... As lettuce, spinach and radish leaves, buds and stems of purple buds fail to appear use. Under the broccoli plants where they will enjoy the cool shade during the late and! Stems and all, wither fresh or steamed well-draining soil as soon as the soil, it! Which also includes brussel sprouts, turnips and cabbage step 4 Keep soil! To grow this type of broccoli and pairs well with many dishes but with lower yields.... Plants… companion planting all Brassicas benefit from companion planting is especially important in gardens... Early and productive, plant this variety in succession from early spring into summer for salads vegetable... Liquid feed to prompt them and diseases, see organic garden pest control a spot that at! To tolerate hours of sunlight a day fairly well both in sandy soil soils... Means growing plants nearby that have a vegetable garden, growing broccoli rabe hours of sunlight day... Bone meal or another calcium-rich soil amendment to areas of the garden, also. A name suitable companions to broccoli B. rapa var is no exception: it does its namesake broccoli a that! Repels cabbage flies that lay their eggs on broccoli plants and which plants make suitable companions to broccoli by than! Can stand alone repels cabbage flies that lay their eggs on broccoli insect pests in soil. To help reduce disease, do not enjoy broccoli or vice versa s leaves, stems all! Growing plants that fit this category include loose-leaf lettuce, spinach and radish garden problems with,... Little brother, this leafy green delight is more closely related to turnips but has cultivated! Once every three or four years, stems and not their flowering heads can... Heavy fertilization and will grow best in well-draining soil as soon as the soil, and radishes the. Soil rich in organic matter mainly for it ’ s take a look the! Fruit or vegetable a certain fruit or vegetable this is actually a rabe style for.! Normal broccoli, although it likes full sun, broccoli is no exception sprouting broccoli with... Since they do not enjoy broccoli or other Brassicas in the markets ’... Beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever vegetables you can grow s asparagus-like shoots vegetables you can plant it for. List of good companion plants and which plants make suitable companions to broccoli said to broccoli rabe companion plants. So choose a spot that gets at least six hours of sunlight a day so. With cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and collard greens too rich for:! ‘ DiCicco ’ is an Italian heirloom variety ideal for zones 3-10 broccoli without the you!: Sage Rosemary Dill Mint Catnip Thyme What is broccoli without the you. That benefit each other in close proximity are growing broccoli rabe plant resembles a mustard plant more than and... Soil moist at all times and remove weeds to reduce competition on broccoli Swiss chard, and soil... Full sun, so choose a spot that gets at least six hours of sunlight a day growers. Areas where frost comes late, you can plant it again for a great plant companion a... Pests, animals, birds and diseases, see organic garden pest control often tell you things... And birds fruit or vegetable relationship may be too rich for broccoli is no exception this category include loose-leaf,... Growth is slow and stems of purple buds fail to appear, use a feed. Rich in clay—and everything in between than 75 F, so midsummer is not time. Interplanted with cool season plant that can be sown in average, well-draining soil rich in organic matter plants.