1-many, usually greenish, tinted gold or brown, pink or purple, cup or bowl-shaped, nodding, 3-4" dia; sepals 5, showy, pigmented, broadly ovate-elliptic; inner petal segments numerous, consisting of tubular nectaries, green to greenish-yellow, ephemeral; stamens numerous, anther yellow. 1 a : any herb of the genus Helleborus. Helleborus niger m. A taxonomic species within the family Ranunculaceae – Christmas rose or black hellebore, native to Europe. Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections. The plant is a traditional cottage garden favourite because it flowers in the depths of winter. It is poisonous. At their best, the hybrids combine the hardiness of H. niger and H. argutifolius, the large flowers of H. niger, and the leaf and flower colour of H. The cladogram shows the relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al. see more; Family Ranunculaceae . They are often called Christmas roses because they bloom around Christmas in warmer regions and in early spring in cooler areas. [3] Cultivars such as 'Bob's Best', 'HGC Silvermoon', 'Ruby Glow' and 'Winter Moonbeam' are available. So when Christmas Day under the new calendar came around and the flower did not bloom, it was such a frightful omen that England did not adopt the Gregorian calendar at that time in 1588; adoption had to wait until 1751. Foliage: lance-shaped leaves with a smooth or serrated edge; blue to dark green color Theophrastus, HP ΙΧ 10.2-4; Dioscorides. noun 1. any of a genus (Helleborus) of poisonous, winter-blooming plants of the buttercup family, with buttercuplike flowers of various colors: the rhizomes of a black European species (H. niger) were formerly used as a heart stimulant and cathartic 2. 2. Hellebores have long been grown in gardens, although originally for their medicinal properties. These same people believed, however, that witches employed the herb in their spells and that sorcerers tossed the powdered herb into the air around them to make themselves invisible. 1. That’s right, hellebore was named after its famous use as a poison! Hellebores are filled with alkaloid toxins and have been used both as a poison and a purgative. [4], Hybrids between H. niger and H. × sternii (itself a hybrid, between H. argutifolius and H. lividus) were originally called H. × nigristern, but this name has been changed in favour of H. × ericsmithii (commemorating the plantsman who made the cross in the 1960s and introduced it in 1972, through The Plantsmen nursery). [3] It has been awarded an AGM H4. The specific name 'niger', meaning black,  refers to the color of the roots. Entries with "Helleborus niger" ... What does Helleborus niger‎ mean? Clustered, green, fleshy capsules, long-beaked, surrounded by persistent sepals. Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose, is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial which blooms around Christmas time in warm winter regions, but later (February or March) in the cold northern parts of the growing range. lividus. [2], One subspecies blooms at the abbey in England believed by some to have been established by St. A slightly larger and much easier plant to grow than the similar, but earlier blooming, Helleborus niger. In antiquity the most famous place for the black hellebore was the Phokian city of Antikyra[13] in Greece. The poetical works of Abraham Cowley: Helleborus niger or, christmas flower. The seedling proved to be exceptionally large-flowered, but it was too slow-growing to be 'bulked up' quickly, so she propagated it as a rigorously-selected uniform seed strain rather than as a vegetatively propagated cultivar. Helleborus niger is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, white flowers with yellow stamens. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Christmas rose definition is - a European evergreen herb (Helleborus niger) of the buttercup family that has usually white flowers produced in winter. Most species can be counted on to bloom somewhere between December and April and stay in bloom for a month or longer. across (8 cm), adorned with a … [8], Helleborus niger is commonly called the Christmas rose, due to an old legend that it sprouted in the snow from the tears of a young girl who had no gift to give the Christ child in Bethlehem. [3] The tips of the petals may be flushed pink or green, and there is a prominent central boss of yellow. Alternate, palmately divided with 7-9 leaflets. b : the dried roots and rhizome of any medicinal herb of the genus Helleborus (as black hellebore H. niger or green hellebore H. viridis) or a powder or extract of this used by the ancient Greeks and Romans in treating mental and other disorders. View abstract. How Helleborus Niger is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Hellebore is from the Greek Helleborus, and translates literally to “injure food”. Helleborus officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients. 2. any poisonous plant of the genus Veratrum, of the lily family. They are very sensitive to poor drainage, so be sure y… Helleborus niger (Christmas Rose) Native to the mountains of southern and central Europe, Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas Rose, is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, glistening white flowers, 3 in. It has been awarded an Award of Garden Merit (AGM) H4 (hardy throughout the British Isles) by the Royal Horticultural Society, as has one of its hybrids (see below). The name comes from the fact that any part of the Helleborus plant induces sneezing if ground to a fine powder. 1. It is poisonous. List of various diseases cured by Helleborus Niger. Numerous hybrid selections and species available, often difficult to distinguished, misidentified in trade, and each callen lenten rose, a name historically associated with H. orientalis. 1. any poisonous plant of the genus Helleborus, of the buttercup family, having basal leaves and clusters of flowers. It originated with a self-sown seedling given by Major G. H. Tristram of Dallington, Sussex, to Hilda Davenport-Jones who had a nursery at nearby Washfield, Kent. Chenopus. Like all hellebores, Helleborus niger dislikes being moved once established, so should not be divided.Given the right conditions, it will self-seed quite sufficiently to provide replacements. Helleborus niger synonyms, Helleborus niger pronunciation, Helleborus niger translation, English dictionary definition of Helleborus niger. For best results grow Helleborus niger in moist but well-drained soil in partial shade. Moist, humus-rich, alkaline soil in dappled shade is preferable. Leaf-mould can be dug in to improve heavy clay or light sandy soils; lime can be added to 'sweeten' acid soils. any plant of the Eurasian ranunculaceous genus Helleborus, esp H. niger (black hellebore), typically having showy flowers and poisonous partsSee also Christmas rose any of various liliaceous plants of the N temperate genus Veratrum, esp V. album, that have greenish flowers and yield alkaloids used in the treatment of heart disease Medical Definition of hellebore. [citation needed], In the early days of medicine, two kinds of hellebore were recognized: black hellebore, which included various species of Helleborus, and white hellebore[9] (now known as Veratrum album or "false hellebore", which belongs to a different plant family, the Melanthiaceae). Bloom time can vary considerably based upon the degree of severity of the winter climate. Also called: hellebore, winter rose. The ancient Greeks knew how to use this plant successfully. From Middle English ellebore, from Old French ellebre, elebore, from Medieval Latin eleborus, via Latin from Ancient Greek ἑλλέβορος (helléboros), possibly from ἄλκη (álkē, “fawn”) βιβρώσκω (bibrṓskō, “to eat”). Genus Helleborus can be rhizomatous, herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials forming a clump of pedate basal leaves, or evergreen with erect, leafy stems. They are often called Christmas roses because they bloom around Christmas in warmer regions and in early spring in cooler areas. They are an excellent cut flower and are attractive when set floating in a bowl of water. noun. Helleborus officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients. European evergreen plant with white or purplish rose-like winter-blooming flowers Familiarity information: HELLEBORUS NIGER used as a noun is very rare. [2] There are two subspecies: H. niger niger and H. niger macranthus, which has larger flowers (up to 3.75 in/9 cm across). Hellebores are renowned for their tolerance of drought and neglect, although they truly thrive when grown in a moist, but well-drained soil. Skin irritation after contact with cell sap. A genus of perennial herbs (Helleborus) of the Crowfoot family, mostly having powerfully cathartic and even poisonous qualities. [5], Helleborus niger has proved easier to cross with other hellebore species. The scientific name comes from the Greek words 'helein', meaning injures, and 'bora', meaning food, referring to the toxic properties when the plant is eaten. 2017;36(3):151-158. Anc Sci Life. The table below shows the species of the genus helleborus, give its common name, the area of distribution, an image if available and the meaning of the scientific name. noun. Any of various plants of the genus Helleborus of the buttercup family, native to Eurasia, most species of which are poisonous. Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. Prefers partial to full shade; prefers organic-enriched soil; intolerant of bright winter sun and high temperatures; Fungal diseases are main problem. Raised in 2000 by plant breeder David Tristram (whose father gave the first 'Potter's Wheel' to Washfield Nursery), Helleborus 'Walberton's Rosemary' is pink-flowered, extremely floriferous, and seems to be intermediate between its parents in many other characteristics. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies of Helleborus niger L Root. [citation needed] They blessed their animals with it and used it to ward off the power of witches. [3], Since the 1950s, 'Potter's Wheel' has been one of the most famous names associated with H. niger. Cardiac glycosides, saponins, Protoanemonin, Short plant with stiff, large, evergreen leaves, Leaves are palmately divided into many leaflets, Flower center of numerous stamens outlined by tubular nectaries, or fleshy , beaked capsules. Collins English Dictionary. [11] It is also toxic, causing tinnitus, vertigo, stupor, thirst, a feeling of suffocation, swelling of the tongue and throat, emesis and catharsis, bradycardia (slowing of the pulse), and finally collapse and death from cardiac arrest. Black hellebore was the dominant purgative of antiquity, frequently prescribed for that purpose by Hippocrates, the father of medicine, in the fifth century B.C. References. Basal or cauline, palmately compound, coriaceous, glabrous; petiloes elongate, peltate; leaflets 3-9, irregularly toothed or serrate. [3], Helleborus niger contains protoanemonin,[6] or ranunculin,[7] which has an acrid taste and can cause burning of the eyes, mouth and throat, oral ulceration, gastroenteritis and hematemesis. In this section are plants with leaves that consist of three segments, like the foot of a … [citation needed] There is a source that claims it blooms near the new calendar date of 6 January. Crosses between it and H. argutifolius (formerly known as H. corsicus) are called H. × nigercors. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Helleborus Niger. Helleborus niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. European evergreen plant with white or purplish rose-like winter-blooming flowers. Noun 1. 'Snow Queen', a white-flowered plant, arose spontaneously in Japan in the late 1990s, but does not look dramatically different from a good H. niger. Any of various plants of the genus Veratrum, especially V. viride of North America, having large leaves and greenish flowers and yielding toxic alkaloids used medicinally. Hypernyms (species): Ranunculales - order; Ranunculaceae - family; Ranunculoideae - subfamily; Helleboreae - tribe; Helleborus - genus; Helleborus sect. [4], Helleborus niger has also been crossed with H. lividus; the hybrid was known informally as H. × nigriliv, but its correct name is H. × ballardiae, commemorating Helen Ballard, the plantswoman who first made the cross in the early 1970s. [10] Black hellebore was used by the ancients to treat insanity, melancholy, gout and epilepsy. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Names of Helleborus Niger in various languages of the world are also given. TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. What does HELLEBORUS NIGER mean? Although the flowers resemble wild roses (and despite its common name), Christmas … alpine and open woodlands in central and southern Europe, Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. N.C. (2011). The only real maintenance the plants require is a little cleaning up of their fading leaves. The initial hwas restored in English to reflect the Ancient Greek etymology. It was said to be introduced by Melampus, with which he healed the madness of the daughters of Proteus, king of Argos. Helleborus niger 'Party Dress Ewalina' ... Botanical Name: ~ White hellebore is a winter-bloomer that has emerged as a popular house plant for the holiday season. It seems that earlier studies may have used a commercial preparation containing a mixture of material from other species such as Helleborus viridis, green hellebore.[12]. Helleborus niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. noun (Bot.) [4], It can be difficult to grow well; acid soil is unsuitable, as are poor, dry conditions and full sun. [9] The sedative property of hellebore was noted about one hundred years later by Theophrastus.[14]. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Thomas. Burning of mouth and throat, salivation, vomiting, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nervous symptoms, depression. A stalked cyme or panicle, terminal, bracteated, often nodding; bracts gigantic, leaf-like, dark green, entire to sparsely toothed, +/- lobed. [citation needed], In the Middle Ages, people strewed the flowers on the floors of their homes to drive out evil influences. [1] The Latin specific name niger (black) may refer to the colour of the roots. Blooms in late winter to very early spring; utilized for borders or patios in protected, shady spots; poisonous leaves and roots- Greek 'helein'= to injure and 'bora'= food; excellent for long, winter blooming display. The Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) can bloom in December in zone 7 or warmer but rarely blooms until spring in colder climates. Noteworthy Characteristics Helleborus orientalis , commonly called Lenten rose, is a clump-forming, late winter-blooming perennial which typically grows 1-1.5' tall. Possible hybrids have been announced in the past, only to be disproved, but two crosses have been confirmed in recent years. Helleborus niger with many common names including Christmas Rose, Black Hellebore, Hellebore, Lenten Rose, bear’s foot, brumal rose, Christmas plant, Christopher’s herb, Christ’s herb, clove-tongue and St Agnes’ rose is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. Helleborus niger is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped, white flowers with yellow stamens. Pronunciation of Helleborus niger with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 translation and more for Helleborus niger. lexical domain: Plants - nouns denoting plants; synonyms of Helleborus niger: black hellebore / Christmas rose / … https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Helleborus_niger&oldid=987813718, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Marion' (double-flowered; there are also other unnamed double selections), This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:31. What does helleborus niger mean as a name of something? 3. any of the poisonous or medicinal substances obtained from these plants. First made in 1931, the hybrid is a large, tough plant with white flowers flushed with green; they are said to be the best of all hellebores for cut flowers. noun 1 A poisonous winter-flowering Eurasian plant of the buttercup family, typically having coarse divided leaves and large white, green, or purplish flowers. Helleborus - … Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. [ Bot ] Any plant of several species of the poisonous liliaceous genus Veratrum , especially Veratrum album and Veratrum viride , both called white hellebore . Helleborus niger is an evergreen plant with dark leathery pedate leaves carried on stems 9–12 in (23–30 cm) tall. solitary or 2-3, 5-parted, white becoming pink or purplish. Genus Helleborus, family Ranunculaceae: several species, including the Christmas rose ‘All hellebores flower in winter or early spring from buds formed during the previous summer.’ Information and translations of HELLEBORUS NIGER in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In the wild, H. niger niger is generally found in mountainous areas in Switzerland, southern Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia and northern Italy. [1555–65; < Greek helléboros] Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. [citation needed] This date had been Christmas Day under the old Julian calendar. Meaning of HELLEBORUS NIGER. noun a European hellebore, Helleborus niger, widely cultivated for its attractive and hardy evergreen leaves and white-to-purplish flowers that bloom in the winter: … [4] Double-flowered plants are available. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Because of their toxicity, Hellebores are prized as \"deer-resistant\" garden plants for areas suffering from deer or similar wildlife pressures. Definition of the noun helleborus niger. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The large flat flowers, borne on short stems from midwinter to early spring, are generally white, but occasionally with a pink tinge. Helleborus niger, von Georg E. Seufert, 1717 "Nieswurz" in German (“sneezewort") A very popular German name for hellebore is "Nieswurz", meaning "sneezewort" in English. Definition of HELLEBORUS NIGER in the Definitions.net dictionary. an evergreen ranunculaceous plant, Helleborus niger, of S Europe and W Asia, with white or pinkish winter-blooming flowers. The black hellebore was described by Carl Linnaeus in volume one of his Species Plantarum in 1753. Mulch annually with well-rotted compost or manure, and cut back the old leaves as flowers and new foliage appear. [3], Nurserymen have tried for many years to cross H. niger with oriental hellebores (Lenten roses) H. × hybridus to increase the colour range available. [9] Research in the 1970s, however, showed that the roots of H. niger do not contain the cardiotoxic compounds helleborin, hellebrin, and helleborein that are responsible for the lethal reputation of black hellebore. Dictionary Collections Challenges Community Contribute ... Meanings for Helleborus niger Add a meaning Cancel. Annually with well-rotted compost or manure, and there is a traditional cottage garden favourite it. Claims it blooms near the new calendar date of 6 January, or Christmas rose, blossoming winter... But earlier blooming, Helleborus niger has proved easier to cross with other hellebore.... Manure, and there is a winter-blooming evergreen perennial with large, bowl-shaped white. 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