Shouldn’t it be: If Santa Clause (ha, ha) WERE real? I don’t think there needs to be a hard and fast rule. Considering this, is there a comma after that? In sentences with the structure of our example, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” Numbers. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. For example, the highlighted phrase in the sentence below is an appositive phrase because it renames the subject: There are two types of appositive phrases: restrictive and nonrestrictive. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? I had the money, I would go to Krakow for vacation. Also notice that in this sentence from before-- But even if a male dog is neutered, he remains a he. Click to see full answer. When the adverb is essential to the meaning of the clause, or if no pause is intended or desired, commas are not needed. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. The award-winning teacher Mrs. Becky Armstrong was honored at graduation for her impact on students’ lives. You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. If I had the money, I would go to Krakow for vacation. Commas with Conditional Sentences - Writing English. Before the movie starts, let’s get some popcorn. Appositives act as synonyms for a … Our blog is about content marketing and copywriting. Use a comma to indicate a short pause in a sentence. The sentence below, however, contains a restrictive appositive: In this case, the appositive is restrictive because it is necessary for the reader to know which opera singer had myopia. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. Comma rules can be confusing. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. 😉. Commas—sometimes paired with semicolons—are traditionally used to set off adverbs such as however, therefore, and indeed. Rule 4: If a Sentence Begins With a Dependent Clause, Use a Comma After It If a sentence begins with an introductory phrase or dependent clause, it should have a comma immediately after it. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. So if one abbreviates the “that is” by the “i.e.”, then meaning-wise the sentence ought to require the use of the comma before “i.e.”; the only question is whether the periods that punctuate it as an abbreviation suffice for the purpose of the comma following it. A nonrestrictive appositive phrase isn’t necessary but simply adds information to the sentence. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. If you’re going to the store, pick me up a gallon of milk. Use a comma if the if clause is at the beginning of the sentence.. The only exception is “yet again,” specifically when we decide to bring it at the beginning of a sentence. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. Normally, the last item in the series is preceded by … Adding the comma did not change the meaning of any words in the sentence except for one: as. Santa Clause was real, he would bring me a new bike. Ah, the comma. You don’t have to include the comma with short prepositional phrases (three words or fewer). There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. The use or omission of the comma is well established, and writers need only to apply the rules. During the production of the film the director nearly quit. Reply. Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. If you just have a month and a year or a month and a day, using commas after dates depends on context: Example: I will visit the Tower if I go to London. You are not putting a comma after is per se; you are bracketing the if-clause with commas. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. Still unsure if you should use a comma? That makes WAS correct! For two adjectives, use a comma where you could use "and". An appositive phrase is a phrase that renames the subject of the sentence. Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class. And it’s no wonder. If you omit the comma after 'that' in those sentences, … But, under normal circumstances, “would rather” doesn’t take any commas before or after it. GrammarBook.com says: November 3, 2015, at 7:28 pm Our Rule 5 of Commas says, “Use commas to set off the name, nickname, term of endearment, or title of a person directly addressed.” Since John is directly addressed in your sentence, use a comma after the name. 1. A restrictive appositive phrase is one that is necessary to the meaning of the sentence. (Why so “tense”, Santa? Season’s Greetings or Seasons Greetings and 3 More Confusing Holiday Terms, Happy New Year, New Year’s, or New Years? When should you use a comma? The example appositive phrase above is nonrestrictive because the sentence still makes sense without the phrase; it just doesn’t include as much information. In the examples below, the introductory phrase contains two prepositional phrases: “during the production” and “of the film.”. Don ’ t use a comma if the if clause is at the end of the sentence.. How to Wish Someone Well in 2020, How to Write Right After You’ve Swiped Right, Why Grammar Matters in Your Content Marketing. Use commas in a series of three or more items. The award-winning teacher, Mrs. Becky Armstrong, was honored at graduation for her impact on students’ lives. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. “If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. If you would like the reader to briefly pause … During the production of the film, the director nearly quit. If you follow such a guide, then don't add a comma. When it comes to using the word so, the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. Consider the below examples of sentences containing properly placed and omitted commas: When your introductory phrase actually contains two prepositional phrases, it’s best to use a comma. There are several uses of the comma that can best be described as conventional or mechanical. (It was a … This comma is more important than the comma after "hopefully." There may be style guides that say you shouldn't add a comma after British Columbia. When you use an introductory phrase in your writing, you’re signaling to the reader that the central message of the sentence is yet to come. If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. Using a Comma after an Interjection Commas can be used to offset interjections (e.g., "yes," "indeed," "absolutely"). Would the comma be after Josh or not there at all? She hated going to the dentist, and, she cried the whole way there. ”Rather” in constructions ”Or rather” The phrase “or rather” is preceded by a comma, and it along with the phrase or clause adjoined to it may be followed by a comma or a period, depending on where it is in the sentence. Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. “Yet” as an adverb fits seamlessly into a sentence, and there is no reason to separate from the rest of the sentence using a comma. 😀, But then he “would have brought me a new bike”. In these instances, don’t use a comma to separate the phrase from the subject that it renames. The rules regarding commas after introductory phrases are complex, but with practice, applying them will become instinctual. Get a clear picture of when to use commas by exploring their usage through examples. Introductory phrase: While getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at the door. Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008. she will become the first female president. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. December 12, 2007 by constant-content in Freelance Writing Tips. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. The correct commas after date rule is based on what type of date is used in the sentence. Examples: Before the movie starts let’s get some popcorn. You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. 3. (Although I'm not aware of any.) Introductory clause: After the meeting was over, the staff was exhausted. If you have the month-date-year format, a comma is always required after the year. If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. Does “yet” the adverb need a comma. Posts include a range of topics, from content tips and practical writing advice to the latest SEO and content distribution techniques. It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are joined together using only a comma. It was a short, simple film. Sometimes, a restrictive appositive phrase acts as an introductory phrase. When the introductory phrase is a restrictive appositive phrase, don’t use a comma to separate it from the main clause. While we don't normally use a comma before a clause beginning with "because," we should in this case since the comma … As you may have noticed, the answer is predominantly no. Proper grammar usage is an important part of writing, whether you are creating long-form content or short social media posts. When a word or phrase forms an introduction … There are lots of rules about comma usage, and often the factors that determine whether you should use one are quite subtle. a. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn’t have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. There would be a pause after "right," and that's where you put the comma. However, if it is at the beginning of a dependent clause, you can skip the comma. Of all the punctuation marks in English, this one is perhaps the most abused and misused. -- there is no comma immediately after "But." I personally think this is … The only reason that there is a comma after the word “but” is because of the interrupter that comes after it. Dates sometimes crop up in the middle of sentences. Try switching out the word so with either therefore or so that. Some people prefer the serial or Harvard comma; some abhor it. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. Answer: Sentence C is correct. There is no comma before where in order to introduce continuity, describing the living conditions in the aforementioned countries. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short (less than four words), the comma is usually optional. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. If Santa Clause was real, he would bring me a new bike. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. That comma after three is no more necessary than it is in the sentence about the Dachshunds. If the speaker had said "My thought is that if… there would be no need for a comma before if , … He can only BRING me a new bike while he IS. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Example: If I go to London, I will visit the Tower. 2. Commas That Are, Indeed, Useful. Wrong: She hated going to the … Suggest to take a look at the various (correct) ways of using a comma, as described in the Oxford Dictionaries. © Constant Content (A Division of Moresby Media Inc.) 2020, Gary Vee’s Insights on Successful Social Media Marketing in 2020, Content Marketing Hacks: How to Revamp Old Content to Boost Your Google Rankings, The Future of Marketing: 5 Key Facts to Stay Ahead of the Game in 2020, Getting Audience Attention: Gary Vaynerchuk Marketing Hacks 2020, Gary Vee: Marketing in 2020—Why Volume of Content Matters. “ If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. But Santa Clause is real! Two of the most common style guides, however, give guidance that a comma should be added. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. Here’s a tip: Commas can be tricky, but they don’t have to trip you up. 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